Born in 1584

Jan 29 Frederick Henry Prince of Orange the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.
Feb 12 Caspar Barlaeus a Dutch polymath and Renaissance humanist, a theologian, poet, and historian.
Feb 26 Albert VI Duke of Bavaria son of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine, born and died in Munich.
Mar 15 Philip Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the first Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg after the death of his father in 1622. He was the son of John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg and Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Mar 22 Grégoire de Saint-Vincent a Flemish Jesuit and mathematician.
Mar 29 Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1648. He was a commander in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War
Apr 29 Melchior Teschner a German cantor, composer and theologian.
May 6 Diego de Saavedra Fajardo a Spanish diplomat and man of letters.
May 27 Michael Altenburg a German theologian and composer.
Jun 6 Yuan Chonghuan a famed patriot and military commander of the Ming Dynasty who battled the Manchus in Liaoning. Of Cantonese origin, Yuan Chonghuan was known to have excelled in artillery warfare and successfully incorporated Western tactics with those of the East. Yuan's military career reached its height when he defeated Nurhaci and the Manchu army in the first Battle of Ningyuan. Later, Yuan also managed to defeat Nurhaci's son and successor, Huang Taiji, and his 200,000 mostly Mongol soldiers. However, Yuan was eventually tortured and executed by the Chongzhen Emperor under false charges which Huang Taiji was believed to have deliberately planted against him
Jul 26 Gaspard III de Coligny a French Protestant general.
Aug 13 Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl of Suffolk an English nobleman and politician.
Sep 11 Thomas van Erpe born at Gorinchem, in Holland.
Nov 3 Jean-Pierre Camus a French bishop, preacher, and author of works of fiction and spirituality.
Nov 10 Catherine of Sweden Countess Palatine of Kleeburg a Swedish princess and a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken as the consort of her second cousin John Casimir of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. She is known as the periodical foster-mother of Queen Christina of Sweden
Nov 16 Barbara Sophie of Brandenburg the daughter of the Catherine of Küstrin and Elector of Joachim Frederick of Brandenburg. She was married to Duke John Frederick of Württemberg and after his death guardian for their minor son, Duke Eberhard III of Württemberg
Dec 16 John Selden an English jurist and a scholar of England's ancient laws and constitution and scholar of Jewish law. He was known as a polymath showing true intellectual depth and breadth; John Milton hailed Selden in 1644 as "the chief of learned men reputed in this land."
Dec 25 Margaret of Austria Queen of Spain Queen consort of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III.