Died in 1585

Feb 6 Edmund Plowden a distinguished English lawyer, legal scholar and theorist during the late Tudor period.
Feb 13 Alfonso Salmeron a Spanish biblical scholar, Catholic priest, and one of the first Jesuits.
Mar 10 Rembert Dodoens a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus.
Apr 10 Pope Gregory XIII Pope of the Catholic Church from 13 May 1572 to his death in 1585. He is best known for commissioning and being the namesake for the Gregorian calendar, which remains the internationally accepted civil calendar to this day
May 11 Mikołaj Mielecki a Polish nobleman and politician. Since 1569 Mielecki was the voivod of Podolian Voivodship, between 1578 and 1580 he also served in the Polish Army as the Grand Hetman of the Crown
May 15 Niwa Nagahide a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku through Azuchi-Momoyama periods of the 16th century. He served as a retainer to the Oda clan, and was eventually a daimyo in his own right
Jun 4 Muretus the Latinized name of Marc Antoine Muret , a French humanist who was among the revivers of a Ciceronian Latin style and is among the usual candidates for the best Latin prose stylist of the Renaissance.
Jun 18 Jacques Duke of Nemours Savoy, 2nd Duke of Nemours became Duke of Nemours in 1533.
Jul 6 Thomas Aufield an English Roman Catholic martyr.
Aug 7 Ismihan Sultan an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Selim II and his wife Nurbanu Sultan.
Aug 30 Andrea Gabrieli an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. The uncle of the somewhat more famous Giovanni Gabrieli, he was the first internationally renowned member of the Venetian School of composers, and was extremely influential in spreading the Venetian style in Italy as well as in Germany
Sep 6 Luca Cambiasi an Italian painter and draftsman, familiarly known as Lucchetto da Genova.
Oct 19 Johannes Crato von Krafftheim a German humanist and court physician to three Holy Roman emperors.
Oct 29 Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha an Ottoman statesman and military commander who also held the office of grand vizier for one year.
Nov 5 Pontus De la Gardie a French nobleman and general in the service of Denmark and Sweden.
Nov 28 Hernando Franco a Spanish composer of the Renaissance, who was mainly active in Guatemala and Mexico.
Dec 3 Thomas Tallis considered one of England's greatest composers. He is honoured for his original voice in English musicianship. No contemporary portrait of Tallis survives: that painted by Gerard Vandergucht , dates from 150 years after Tallis died, and there is no reason to suppose that it is a likeness. In a rare existing copy of his black letter signature, the composer spelled his last name "Tallys."
Dec 4 John Willock a native of Ayrshire and was educated at the University of Glasgow.
Dec 13 Luigi Groto a blind Italian poet, lutenist, playwright and actor. Groto was born in Veneto and lost his sight eight days after birth. He studied philosophy and literature with such success that at the age of 15 he was already a public orator. He was often in Venice as an envoy from Veneto, and entertained with public performances of his songs. In 1565 he was appointed president of the newly founded Academy of Illustrati of Adria. He died in Venice, having just come from the theater where he had played the role of the blind King Oedipus. In 1623 Filippo Bonaffino set some of his poetry to music in a book of madrigals
Dec 22 Vittoria Accoramboni an Italian noblewoman. Her life became the basis for three stories and two novels
Dec 27 Pierre de Ronsard a French poet and "prince of poets".