Born in 1586

Jan 20 Johann Schein a German composer of the early Baroque era. He was born in Grünhain and died in Leipzig. He was one of the first to import the early Italian stylistic innovations into German music, and was one of the most polished composers of the period
Feb 19 Pieter de Carpentier a Dutch, or Flemish, administrator of the Dutch East India Company who served as Governor-General there from 1623 to 1627. The Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia is named after him
Apr 2 Pietro Della Valle an Italian who traveled throughout Asia during the Renaissance period. His travels took him to the Holy Land, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and as far as India
Apr 20 Rose of Lima Saint Rose of Lima, T.O.S.D. was a Spanish colonist in Lima, Peru, who became known for both her life of severe asceticism and her care of the needy of the city through her own private efforts. A lay member of the Dominican Order, she was the first person born in the Americas to be canonized by the Catholic Church
May 7 Francesco IV Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat between 9 February and 22 December 1612.
Jul 1 Claudio Saracini an Italian composer, lutenist, and singer of the early Baroque era. He was one of the most famous and distinguished composers of monody
Jul 5 Thomas Hooker a prominent Puritan colonial leader, who founded the Colony of Connecticut after dissenting with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts. He was known as an outstanding speaker and a leader of universal Christian suffrage
Aug 17 Johannes Valentinus Andreae a.k.a. Johannes Valentinus Andreä or Johann Valentin Andreae, was a German theologian, who claimed to be the author of the Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz anno 1459 , one of the three founding works of Rosicrucianism
Sep 20 John Ballard an English Jesuit priest executed for being involved in an attempt to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England in the Babington Plot.
Oct 7 Isaac Massa a Dutch grain trader, traveller and diplomat, the envoy to Muscovy, author of memoirs witnessing the Time of Troubles and the maps of Eastern Europe and Siberia. He was married to Beatrix van der Laen. Massa's experience in and knowledge of Muscovy transformed him into a Dutch "Kremlinologist." The Isaac Massa Foundation in Groningen aims to stimulate scientific and cultural contacts between the Russian Federation and the Netherlands
Oct 9 Leopold V Archduke of Austria the son of Archduke Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II, father of Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria. He was Bishop of Passau and Strasbourg and Archduke of Further Austria including Tirol
Oct 20 Luke Foxe an English explorer, born in Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, who searched for the Northwest Passage across North America. In 1631, he sailed much of the western Hudson Bay before concluding no such passage was possible. Foxe Basin, Foxe Channel and Foxe Peninsula were named after him
Dec 6 Niccolò Zucchi an Italian Jesuit, astronomer, and physicist.
Dec 14 Georg Calixtus a German Lutheran theologian who looked to reconcile all Christendom by removing all unimportant differences.
Dec 21 Hosokawa Tadatoshi a Japanese samurai daimyo of the early Edo period. He was the head of Kumamoto Domain. He was a patron of the martial artist Miyamoto Musashi
Dec 31 Duchess Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia an Electress of Saxony as the spouse of John George I, Elector of Saxony.