Born in 1587

Jan 5 Xu Xiake a Chinese travel writer and geographer of the Ming Dynasty , known best for his famous geographical treatise, and noted for his bravery and humility. He traveled throughout China for more than 30 years, documenting his travels extensively. The records of his travels were compiled posthumously in The Travel Diaries Xu Xiake, and his work translated by Ding Wenjiang. Xu's writing falls under the old Chinese literary category of 'travel record literature' , which used narrative and prose styles of writing to portray one's travel experiences
Jan 6 Gaspar de Guzmán Count-Duke of Olivares a Spanish royal favourite of Philip IV and minister. As prime minister from 1621 to 1643, he over-exerted Spain in foreign affairs and unsuccessfully attempted domestic reform. His policies of committing Spain to recapture Holland led to his major involvement in the Thirty Years' War and his attempts to centralise power and increase wartime taxation led to revolts in Catalonia and in Portugal, which brought about his downfall
Jan 8 Johannes Fabricius a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots , independently of Galileo Galilei.
Jan 8 Jan Pieterszoon Coen an officer of the Dutch East India Company in Indonesia in the early seventeenth century, holding two terms as its Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
Feb 3 Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by birth and by marriage Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Feb 26 Stefano Landi an Italian composer and teacher of the early Baroque Roman School. He was an influential early composer of opera, and wrote the earliest opera on a historical subject: Sant'Alessio
Apr 2 Virginia Centurione Bracelli a saint in the Roman Catholic Church from Genoa, Italy.
Apr 8 Victor Amadeus I Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa
Apr 26 Ferdinando Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
Apr 28 Krzysztof Ossoliński a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
May 17 Esaias van de Velde a Dutch landscape painter.
Jun 5 Robert Rich 2nd Earl of Warwick an English colonial administrator, admiral, and Puritan.
Jun 21 Kaspar von Barth a German philologist and writer.
Jun 24 William Arnold (settler) one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony. He was raised and educated in England where he was the warden of Mary's, the parish church of Ilchester in southeastern Somerset. In 1635, along with family and associates, he immigrated to New England, where he initially settled in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but soon relocated to the new settlement of Providence with Roger Williams. He was one of the 13 original proprietors of Providence, appearing on the deed signed by Roger Williams in 1638, and was one of the twelve founding members of the first Baptist church to be established in America
Jun 24 Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger a Flemish-Danish architect who specialised in the Dutch Renaissance style, typical of prestigious Danish buildings from the first half of the 17th century. Along with his brother Lorenz van Steenwinckel he was responsible for most of King Christian IV's many ambitious building projects
Jul 4 Magdalene of Bavaria the daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine. In 1613 she married Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg. Their son was Philip William, Elector Palatine
Aug 18 Virginia Dare the first child born in the New World to English parents, Eleanor and Ananias Dare. She was named after the Virginia Colony, due to being the first Christian born there
Sep 18 Francesca Caccini an Italian composer, singer, lutenist, poet, and music teacher of the early Baroque era. She was also known by the nickname "La Cecchina", originally given to her by the Florentines and probably a diminutive of "Francesca". She was the daughter of Giulio Caccini. Her stage work, La liberazione di Ruggiero, has been widely considered the first opera by a woman composer
Oct 17 Nathan Field an English dramatist and actor.
Oct 22 Joachim Jungius a German mathematician, logician and philosopher of sciences.
Nov 3 Samuel Scheidt a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.
Nov 17 Joost van den Vondel a Dutch writer and playwright. He is considered the most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the 17th century. His plays are the ones from that period that are still most frequently performed, and his epic Joannes de Boetgezant , on the life of John the Baptist, has been called the greatest Dutch epic
Dec 19 Dorothea Sophia Abbess of Quedlinburg Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg.