Died in 1588

Jan 17 Qi Jiguang a Chinese military general of the Ming Dynasty. He is best known for leading Ming forces to defend China's east coastal regions from raids by the wokou in the 16th century and is widely regarded as a national hero in Chinese culture
Jan 25 Mihrimah Sultan the daughter of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I and his wife Hürrem Sultan. Mihrimah Sultan's name is also spelled Mihrumah, Mihr-î-Mâh, Mihrî-a-Mâh or Mehr-î-Mâh. She was born in Constantinople. Mehr-î-Mâh means "Sun and Moon"
Feb 9 Álvaro de Bazán 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz a Spanish admiral.
Feb 24 Johann Weyer a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. He was among the first to publish against the persecution of witches. His most influential work is De Praestigiis Daemonum et Incantationibus ac Venificiis
Mar 5 Henri Prince of Condé (1552–1588) a French Prince du Sang and Huguenot general like his more prominent father, Louis I, Prince of Condé.
Mar 9 Pomponio Amalteo an Italian painter of the Venetian school.
Mar 10 Theodor Zwinger a Swiss physician and humanist scholar. He made significant contributions to the emerging genres of reference and travel literature. He was the first distinguished representative of a prominent early modern Basel academic family
Apr 4 Frederick II of Denmark King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death.
Apr 19 Paolo Veronese an Italian Renaissance painter based in Venice, most famous for large history paintings of both religious and mythological subjects, such as The Wedding at Cana and The Feast in the House of Levi. With Titian, who was at least a generation older, and Tintoretto, ten years older, he was one of the "great trio that dominated Venetian painting of the cinquecento" or 16th-century late Renaissance. Veronese is known as a supreme colorist, and after an early period with Mannerist influence turned to a more naturalist style influenced by Titian
May 5 Giorgio Biandrata an Italian physician and polemicist, who came of the De Biandrate family, powerful from the early part of the 13th century.
Jun 10 Valentin Weigel a German theologian, philosopher and mystical writer, from Saxony, and an important precursor of later theosophy. In English he is often called Valentine Weigel
Jun 18 Robert Crowley (printer) a stationer, poet, polemicist and Protestant clergyman who was among the Marian exiles at Frankfurt. Crowley appears to have been a Henrician Evangelical who favoured a more reformed Protestantism than was sanctioned at that time by the king and the Church of England
Jul 7 Sassa Narimasa a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku through Azuchi-Momoyama period. Narimasa was born in what is now Nishi-ku, Nagoya , He became a retainer of Oda Nobunaga in 1550 and was granted Etchū Province as a reward for helping Shibata Katsuie fight the Uesugi clan. After Nobunaga's death, in 1584 he joined Tokugawa Ieyasu in unsuccessfully challenging Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He submitted to Hideyoshi and was spared his life. In 1587, he was given a fief in Higo Province in Kyushu. However, due to difficulties in suppressing a local revolt, he committed suicide by Hideyoshi's instruction in 1588. His daughter married kuge Takatsukasa Nobufusa and they had a son Nobuhisa
Jul 17 Mimar Sinan the chief Ottoman architect and civil engineer for sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III. He was responsible for the construction of more than 300 major structures and other more modest projects, such as his Islamic primary schools. His apprentices would later design the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Stari Most in Mostar, and help design the Taj Mahal in the Mughal Empire
Aug 4 Archibald Douglas 8th Earl of Angus the son of David, 7th Earl of Angus. He succeeded to the title and estates in 1558, being brought up by his uncle, James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, a Presbyterian. In 1573 he was made a Privy Councillor and Sheriff of Berwickshire; in 1574 Lieutenant-General in Scotland; in 1577 Warden of the West Marches and Steward of Fife; and in 1578 Lieutenant-General of the realm. As a supporter of Morton and "ultra-Protestant" policy he was twice forced in exile in England
Aug 8 Alonso Sánchez Coello a Spanish portrait painter, of Portuguese origin, of the Spanish Renaissance and one of the pioneers of the great tradition of Spanish portrait painting.
Aug 12 Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder an Italian composer. While mostly famous as the solitary Italian madrigalist working in England, and the one mainly responsible for the growth of the madrigal there, he also composed much sacred music. He also may have been a spy for Elizabeth I while he was in Italy
Sep 4 Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester an English nobleman and the favourite and close friend of Elizabeth I from her first year on the throne until his death. The Queen giving him reason to hope, he was a suitor for her hand for many years
Sep 26 Amias Paulet an English diplomat, Governor of Jersey, and the gaoler for a period of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Oct 2 Bernardino Telesio an Italian philosopher and natural scientist. While his natural theories were later disproven, his emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns" who eventually developed the scientific method
Oct 10 Nicolás Monardes a Spanish physician and botanist.
Nov 1 Jean Daurat a French poet, scholar and a member of a group known as The Pléiade.
Dec 23 Henry I Duke of Guise the eldest son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and Anna d'Este. His maternal grandparents were Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, and Renée of France. Through his maternal grandfather, he was a descendant of Lucrezia Borgia and Pope Alexander VI
Dec 31 Louis of Granada The Venerable Louis of Granada, O.P. was a Dominican friar who was noted as theologian, writer and preacher. The cause for his canonization has been long accepted by the Holy See