Born in 1589

Jan 8 Ivan Gundulić the most prominent Croatian Baroque poet from the Republic of Ragusa. His work embodies central characteristics of Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation: religious fervor, insistence on "vanity of this world" and zeal in opposition to "infidels." Gundulić's major works—the epic poem Osman, the pastoral play Dubravka, and the religious poem Tears of the Prodigal Son are examples of Baroque stylistic richness and, frequently, rhetorical excess
Feb 5 Honorat de Bueil seigneur de Racan a French aristocrat, soldier, poet, dramatist and member of the Académie française.
Feb 5 Esteban Manuel de Villegas a 17th-century Spanish poet.
Feb 18 Maarten Gerritsz Vries a 17th-century Dutch cartographer and explorer, the first Western European to leave an account of his visit to the Sea of Okhotsk and the island of Sakhalin.
Mar 3 Gisbertus Voetius a Dutch Calvinist theologian.
Apr 18 John Duke of Östergötland a Swedish royal dynast. He was titular Duke of Finland 1590–1606 and reigning Duke of Östergötland 1606–18
Apr 20 John Casimir Count Palatine of Kleeburg the son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife, Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and was the founder of a branch of Wittelsbach Counts Palatine often called the Swedish line, because it gave rise to three subsequent kings of Sweden, but more commonly known as the Kleeburg line.
Apr 28 Margaret of Savoy Vicereine of Portugal the last Spanish Vicereine of Portugal. In Portuguese she is known as Duquesa de Mântua, being by marriage the Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat
Jun 16 Albrycht Władysław Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble. Castellan of Troki from 1626 until 1633, castellan of Wilno from 1633. The 3rd ordynat of the Nieśwież Fee Tail, stolnik of Lithuania since 1620 and krajczy of Lithuania since 1622. Starost of Ryki and Szerszewy
Jul 3 Johann Georg Wirsung a German anatomist who was a long-time prosector in Padua.
Sep 1 Giovanni Pesaro the 103rd Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on April 8, 1658 until his death. The Cretan War was ongoing for the entirety of his brief reign
Oct 7 Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria Grand Duchess of Tuscany from the accession of her husband, Cosimo II, in 1609 until his death in 1621. With him, she had eight children, including a duchess of Parma, a grand duke of Tuscany, and an archduchess of Further Austria. Born in Graz, she was the youngest daughter of Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria, and his wife Maria Anna of Bavaria. During the minority of her son, Grand Duke Ferdinando, she and her mother-in-law acted as regents. She died on 1 November 1631 in Padua