1590 in history

1590 events chronologically

Mar 14 Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion
May 17 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland
Aug 18 John White, the governor of the Roanoke Colony, returns from a supply trip to England and finds his settlement deserted
Aug 30 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)
Sep 5 Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris
Sep 27 Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history
Oct 16 Carlo Gesualdo, composer, Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza, murders his wife, Donna Maria d'Avalos, and her lover Fabrizio Carafa, the Duke of Andria at the Palazzo San Severo in Naples

Top 7 most famous people born in 1590

Jan 9 Simon Vouet perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
Apr 18 Ahmed I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 until his death in 1617.
May 12 Cosimo II de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until 1621. He was the elder son of the then incumbent Grand Duke and Christina of Lorraine. He married Maria Magdalena of Austria, and had eight children
Jul 13 Pope Clement X Pope from 29 April 1670 to his death in 1676.
Aug 19 Henry Rich 1st Earl of Holland an English courtier, peer and soldier. A member of the influential Rich family, he was the son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick, and his wife, Penelope Devereux, and the younger brother of Robert, 2nd Earl of Warwick
Nov 4 Gerard van Honthorst a Dutch Golden Age painter. Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter
Dec 3 Daniel Seghers particularly well known for his contributions to the genre of "flower garland" painting. His paintings were collected enthusiastically by courtly patrons and he had numerous imitators. He was the elder brother of the painter Gerard Seghers

Top 7 most famous people died in 1590

Feb 4 Gioseffo Zarlino an Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance. He was possibly the most famous music theorist between Aristoxenus and Rameau, and made a large contribution to the theory of counterpoint as well as to musical tuning
Feb 5 Bernardino de Sahagún a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain. Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529, and spent more than 50 years in the study of Aztec beliefs, culture and history. Though he dedicated himself primarily to the missionary task, his extraordinary work documenting indigenous worldview and culture has earned him the title “the first anthropologist." He also contributed to the description of the Aztec language Nahuatl, into which he translated the Psalms, the Gospels and a basic manual of religious education
Apr 6 Francis Walsingham popularly remembered as her "spymaster".
Jul 10 Charles II Archduke of Austria an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
Aug 27 Pope Sixtus V Pope from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590. To date, he is the last pontiff to take the pontifical name of "Sixtus" upon his election
Sep 27 Pope Urban VII Pope from 15 to 27 September 1590. His thirteen-day papacy was the shortest in history
Dec 20 Ambroise Paré a French barber surgeon who served in that role for kings Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. He is considered one of the fathers of surgery and modern forensic pathology and a pioneer in surgical techniques and battlefield medicine, especially in the treatment of wounds. He was also an anatomist and invented several surgical instruments