Born in 1590

Jan 9 Simon Vouet perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
Mar 18 Manuel de Faria e Sousa a Portuguese historian and poet, frequently writing in Spanish.
Apr 18 Ahmed I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 until his death in 1617.
May 5 Jakub Sobieski a Polish noble, parliamentarian, diarist, political activist, military leader and father of King John III Sobieski. He was the son of castellan and voivode Marek Sobieski and Jadwiga Snopkowska
May 5 John Albert II Duke of Mecklenburg a Duke of Mecklenburg. From 1608 to 1611, he was the nominal ruler of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; the actual ruler being the regent, his great-uncle Charles From 1611 to 1621 John Albert and his brother Adolf Frederick I jointly ruled the whole Duchy of Mecklenburg. From 1621, John Albert ruled Mecklenburg-Güstrow alone
May 12 Cosimo II de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until 1621. He was the elder son of the then incumbent Grand Duke and Christina of Lorraine. He married Maria Magdalena of Austria, and had eight children
Jun 1 Isaac Manasses de Pas Marquis de Feuquieres a French soldier.
Jul 3 Lucrezia Orsina Vizzana an Italian singer, organist, and composer. She entered a Camaldolese convent in Bologna in 1598. She was taught by her aunt, Camilla Bombacci, who was the convent organist, and by Ottavio Vernizzi, who was the unofficial music master. Vizzana's works are influenced by stile moderno music, especially the works of Claudio Monteverdi
Jul 12 Nicolas Tournier a French Baroque painter.
Jul 13 Pope Clement X Pope from 29 April 1670 to his death in 1676.
Aug 7 Charles of Austria Bishop of Wroclaw Prince-Bishop of Wrocław, Bishop of Brixen and Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights.
Aug 19 Henry Rich 1st Earl of Holland an English courtier, peer and soldier. A member of the influential Rich family, he was the son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick, and his wife, Penelope Devereux, and the younger brother of Robert, 2nd Earl of Warwick
Nov 4 Gerard van Honthorst a Dutch Golden Age painter. Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter
Dec 3 Daniel Seghers particularly well known for his contributions to the genre of "flower garland" painting. His paintings were collected enthusiastically by courtly patrons and he had numerous imitators. He was the elder brother of the painter Gerard Seghers