Died in 1592

Jan 5 William Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. William was born in and died in Düsseldorf. He was the only son of John III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, and Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Berg. William took over rule of his father's estates upon his death in 1539. Despite his mother having lived until 1543, William also became the Duke of Berg and Jülich and the Count of Ravenstein
Jan 16 John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern a German prince and a younger son of Frederick III, Elector Palatine. A firm Calvinist, he was a leader of mercenary troops in the religious wars of the time, including the Dutch Revolt. From 1583–1592 he acted as regent for his nephew, Elector Palatine Frederick IV
Jan 22 Elisabeth of Austria Queen of France Queen of France from 1570 to 1574 as the wife of King Charles A member of the House of Habsburg, she was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.
Jan 27 Gian Paolo Lomazzo an Italian painter, best remembered for his writings on art theory, belonging to the second generation that produced Mannerism in Italian art and architecture.
Feb 2 Ana de Mendoza Princess of Eboli a Spanish aristocrat, suo jure 2nd Princess of Mélito, 2nd Duchess of Francavilla and 3rd Countess of Aliano.
Feb 14 Jacopo Bassano an Italian painter who was born and died in Bassano del Grappa near Venice, from which he adopted the name. A pupil of Bonifazio Veronese's, he painted mostly landscapes and genre scenes. Bassano's pictures, and those of his two sons, Leandro Bassano and Francesco Bassano the Younger, who followed him closely, were very popular in Venice because of their depiction of simple country life. Bassano is considered to be the first modern landscape painter
Feb 29 Alessandro Striggio an Italian composer, instrumentalist and diplomat of the Renaissance. He composed numerous madrigals as well as dramatic music, and by combining the two, became the inventor of madrigal comedy. His son, also named Alessandro Striggio, wrote the libretto for Monteverdi's Orfeo
Mar 3 Michiel Coxie a Flemish painter who studied under Bernard van Orley, who probably induced him to visit the Italian peninsula.
Mar 22 Johann VII Duke of Mecklenburg a Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Apr 13 Bartolomeo Ammannati an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Settignano, near Florence. He studied under Baccio Bandinelli and Jacopo Sansovino and closely imitated the style of Michelangelo
May 24 Nikolaus Selnecker a German musician and theologian. He is now known mainly as a hymn writer. He is also known as one of the principal authors of the Formula of Concord along with Jakob Andreä and Martin Chemnitz
Jun 4 François Duke of Montpensier the Duke of Montpensier and member of the House of Bourbon. He was the brother of Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange and wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange. He was the great grandfather of La Grande Mademoiselle cousin of Louis XIV
Jul 1 Marc'Antonio Ingegneri an Italian composer of the late Renaissance. He was born in Verona and died in Cremona. Even though he spent most of his life working in northern Italy, because of his stylistic similarity to Palestrina he is often considered to be a member of the Roman School of polyphonic church music. He is also famous as the teacher of Claudio Monteverdi
Jul 18 Sibylle of Saxony a Saxon princess of the Albertine line of House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg.
Jul 26 Armand de Gontaut baron de Biron a celebrated French soldier of the 16th century.
Aug 25 William IV Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the first Landgrave of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. He was the founder of the oldest line, which survives to this day
Sep 3 Robert Greene (dramatist) an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare. He is said to have been born in Norwich. He attended Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1580, and an M.A. in 1583 before moving to London, where he arguably became the first professional author in England. Greene published in many genres including romances, plays and autobiography
Sep 13 Michel de Montaigne one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre. He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual exercises with casual anecdotes and autobiography—and his massive volume Essais contains, to this day, some of the most widely influential essays ever written. Montaigne had a direct influence on writers all over the world, including René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Albert Hirschman, William Hazlitt, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig, Eric Hoffer, Isaac Asimov, and possibly on the later works of William Shakespeare
Nov 3 John Perrot Sir John Perrot served as Lord Deputy to Queen Elizabeth I of England during the Tudor conquest of Ireland. He died in custody in the Tower of London after conviction on charges of high treason for his conduct in that office. He was said to be a bastard brother of the Queen, but this is disputed
Nov 17 John III of Sweden King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland
Nov 27 Nakagawa Hidemasa a samurai commander in the Azuchi-Momoyama period. He was the eldest son of Nakagawa Kiyohide. His young brother was Nakagawa Hidenari. His wife was Tsuruhime who was the daughter of Oda Nobunaga
Dec 3 Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt, in which he captured the main cities in the south and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategician and organizer generally earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age