Born in 1593

Mar 13 Georges de La Tour a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648. He painted mostly religious chiaroscuro scenes lit by candlelight
Mar 25 Jean de Brébeuf a French Jesuit missionary who travelled to New France in 1625. There he worked primarily with the Huron for the rest of his life, except for a time back in France from 1629 to 1633. He learned their language and culture
Apr 3 George Herbert a Welsh-born English poet, orator and Anglican priest. Herbert's poetry is associated with the writings of the metaphysical poets, and he is recognized as "a pivotal figure: enormously popular, deeply and broadly influential, and arguably the most skillful and important British devotional lyricist."
Apr 4 Edward Nicholas an English office holder and politician who served as Secretary of State to Charles I and Charles He also sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1629. He served as secretary to Edward la Zouche and the Duke of Buckingham and became a clerk of the Privy Council. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War and accompanied the court into exile, before assuming the post of Secretary of State on the Restoration
Apr 13 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl of Strafford an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He served in Parliament and was a supporter of King Charles From 1632–39 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland. Recalled to England, he became a leading advisor to the king, attempting to strengthen the royal position against Parliament. When Parliament condemned him to death, Charles signed the death warrant and Wentworth was executed
May 2 Catherine de' Medici Governor of Siena Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat as the second wife of Duke Ferdinando and Governor of Siena from 1627. She was the second daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Tuscany and his wife Christina of Lorraine. She had no issue
May 19 Jacob Jordaens one of three Flemish Baroque painters, along with Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, to bring prestige to the Antwerp school of painting. Unlike those contemporaries he never traveled abroad to study Italian painting, and his career is marked by an indifference to their intellectual and courtly aspirations. In fact, except for a few short trips to locations in the Low Countries, he remained in Antwerp his entire life. As well as being a successful painter, he was a prominent designer of tapestries. Like Rubens, Jordaens painted altarpieces, mythological, and allegorical scenes, and after 1640—the year Rubens died—he was the most important painter in Antwerp for large-scale commissions and the status of his patrons increased in general. However, he is best known today for his numerous large genre scenes based on proverbs in the manner of his contemporary Jan Brueghel the Elder, depicting The King Drinks and As the Old Sing, So Pipe the Young. Jordaens's main artistic influences, besides Rubens and the Brueghel family, were northern Italian painters such as Jacopo Bassano, Paolo Veronese, and Caravaggio
May 19 Claude Vignon a leading French painter and engraver working in the Baroque manner.
May 20 Salomo Glassius a German theologian and biblical critic born at Sondershausen, in the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
Jun 8 George I Rákóczi an important Hungarian nobleman who was Prince of Transylvania from 1630 until his death in 1648. During his influence Transylvania grew politically and economically stronger
Jun 22 Sir John Gell 1st Baronet a Parliamentarian politician and military figure in the English Civil War.
Jun 23 Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg a princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.
Jun 24 Abraham von Franckenberg a German mystic, author, poet and hymn-writer.
Jul 8 Artemisia Gentileschi an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio. In an era when women painters were not easily accepted by the artistic community or patrons, she was the first woman to become a member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno in Florence
Sep 1 Torsten Stålhandske a Finnish officer in the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War.
Sep 1 Mumtaz Mahal For other uses, see Mumtaz Mahal.
Sep 20 Gottfried Scheidt a German composer and organist.
Sep 22 Matthäus Merian a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house. He was a member of the patrician Basel Merian family
Oct 9 Nicolaes Tulp a Dutch surgeon and mayor of Amsterdam. Tulp was well known for his upstanding moral nothing and as the subject of Rembrandt's famous painting The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp
Oct 14 Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen an English painter of portraits of Dutch or Flemish parentage. He was active in England, at least from 1618 to 1643. He moved to Middelburg in the Netherlands in 1643. Between 1646 and 1652 he lived in Amsterdam, before settling in Utrecht, where he was buried
Nov 1 Abel Servien a French diplomat who served Cardinal Mazarin and signed for the French the Treaty of Westphalia. He was an early member of the noblesse de robe in the service of the French state