Born in 1594

Jan 7 Vincenzo II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1626 until his death.
Feb 5 Biagio Marini an Italian virtuoso violinist and composer of the first half of the seventeenth century.
Feb 19 Henry Frederick Prince of Wales the elder son of King James I & VI and Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. His younger brother Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English and Scottish thrones
Feb 21 John Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Apr 21 Bernardino Spada housed in the Palazzo Spada in Rome.
May 1 John Haynes a colonial magistrate and one of the founders of the Connecticut Colony. He served one term as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was the first governor of Connecticut, ultimately serving eight separate terms
May 11 Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families, and Princess of Condé by her marriage to Henry de Bourbon. She almost became a mistress of Henry IV of France, but her husband escaped with her after the wedding, and did not return to France until after King Henry's death
May 29 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim a field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire in the Thirty Years' War.
Jun 3 César Duke of Vendôme the son of Henry IV of France and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées, and founder of the House of Bourbon-Vendome. He held the titles of 1st Duke of Vendôme, 2nd Duke of Beaufort and 2nd Duke of Étampes, but is also simply known as César de Vendôme. Through his daughter, Élisabeth de Bourbon, César was a great-great-great-grandfather of Louis XV of France, merging thereafter to the French royal line. César de Bourbon is also an ancestor of Juan Carlos I of Spain, of Albert II, King of the Belgians, of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne
Jun 15 Nicolas Poussin the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome. His work is characterized by clarity, logic, and order, and favors line over color. Until the 20th century he remained a major inspiration for such classically oriented artists as Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Paul Cézanne
Aug 4 Aleksander Ludwik Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
Sep 13 Francesco Manelli a Roman Baroque composer, particularly of opera; and theorbo player. He is most well known for his collaboration with fellow Roman composer Benedetto Ferrari in bringing commercial opera to Venice. The first two works, in 1637 and 1638, to be put on commercially in the Teatro San Cassiano were both by Manelli - his L'Andromeda and La Maga Fulminata
Sep 30 Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant born near Rouen.
Nov 30 John Cosin an English churchman.
Dec 9 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden credited as the founder of Sweden as a Great Power. He led Sweden to military supremacy during the Thirty Years War, helping to determine the political as well as the religious balance of power in Europe
Dec 27 Ove Gjedde a Danish admiral and member of the interim government that followed the death of Christian IV and imposed harsh restrictions on Frederick III due to his close ties to Germany.