1595 in history

1595 events chronologically

Jan 17 Henry IV of France declares war on Spain
Apr 27 The relics of Saint Sava are incinerated in Belgrade by the Ottomans, where today the largest Orthodox church building in the world stands
May 24 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library
Aug 23 Long War: Wallachian prince Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Călugăreni and achieves a tactical victory
Oct 9 The Spanish army captures Cambrai

Top 7 most famous people born in 1595

Jan 26 Antonio Maria Abbatini an Italian composer, active mainly in Rome.
Feb 24 Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski Europe's most prominent Latin poet of the 17th century, and a renowned theoretician of poetics.
Jun 9 Władysław IV Vasa a Polish and Swedish prince from the House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648
Jun 13 Jan Marek Marci a Bohemian doctor and scientist, rector of the University of Prague, and official physician to the Holy Roman Emperors. The crater Marci on the far side of the Moon is named after him
Jul 5 Guru Hargobind Har Gobind, also Saccha Padshah. According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh gurus and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. He was not, perhaps, more than eleven at his father's execution. Though he waged war against Muslims atrocities all his life, he died peacefully at the age of 48. Most of the historians of Mughal India look at it simplistically from a political angle but the war by several Sikh Gurus against Mughals and their killing by Muslims is a long series of widespread systematic religious persecutions that Hindus and Sikhs suffered at the hands of Muslims Before ascension, he nominated Guru Har Rai, his grandson as the next Guru of the Sikhs
Nov 13 George William Elector of Brandenburg margrave and elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was marked by ineffective governance during the Thirty Years' War. He was the father of Frederick William, the "Great Elector"
Dec 4 Jean Chapelain a French poet and critic during the Grand Siècle, best known for his role as an organizer and founding member of the Académie française. Chapelain acquired considerable prestige as a literary critic, but his own major work, an epic poem about Joan of Arc called "La Pucelle," was lampooned by his contemporary Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux

Top 7 most famous people died in 1595

Feb 21 Robert Southwell (Jesuit) an English Roman Catholic priest of the Jesuit Order. He was also a poet and clandestine missionary in post-Reformation England
Apr 25 Torquato Tasso an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata , in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe
May 25 Philip Neri an Italian priest noted for founding a society of secular clergy called the "Congregation of the Oratory".
Aug 26 António Prior of Crato a grandson of King Manuel I of Portugal, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 dynastic crisis. According to some historians, he was King of Portugal as António I of Portugal during 33 days in 1580. After the crowning of Philip II of Spain as King of Portugal, he claimed the throne until 1583. He was a disciple of Bartholomew of Braga
Oct 18 Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira a Spanish navigator. Born in Congosto, in León, he was the nephew of Lope García de Castro, viceroy of Peru. He is best known for the two voyages of discovery he led into the Pacific in 1567 and 1595 in search of Terra Australis
Oct 19 Philip Howard 20th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman. He was canonised by Pope Paul VI in 1970, as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. He is variously numbered as 1st, 20th or 13th Earl of Arundel
Nov 12 John Hawkins (naval commander) an English naval commander and administrator, merchant, navigator, shipbuilder, pirate and slave trader. He was considered the first English trader to profit from the Triangle Trade, based on selling supplies to colonies ill-supplied by their home countries, and their demand for African slaves in the Spanish colonies of Santo Domingo and Venezuela in the late 16th century. He styled himself "Captain General" as the General of both his own flotilla's of ships and those of the English Royal Navy and to distinguish himself from those Admirals that served only in the administrative sense and were not military in nature. His death and that of his cousin and mentee, Sir Francis Drake heralded the decline of the Royal Navy for decades before its recovery and eventual dominance again helped by the propaganda of the Navy's glory days under his leadership