Died in 1595

Jan 24 Ferdinand II Archduke of Austria ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was married to Philippine Welser in his first marriage. In his second marriage to Anna Juliana Gonzaga, he was the father of Anna of Tyrol, the would-be Holy Roman Empress
Feb 20 Archduke Ernest of Austria an Austrian prince, the son of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain.
Feb 21 Robert Southwell (Jesuit) an English Roman Catholic priest of the Jesuit Order. He was also a poet and clandestine missionary in post-Reformation England
Mar 18 Jean de Sponde a Baroque French poet.
Apr 8 Henri I d'Orléans duc de Longueville a French aristocrat and military and Grand Chamberlain of France between 1589 and 1595.
Apr 25 Torquato Tasso an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata , in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe
May 19 John Frederick II Duke of Saxony duke of Saxony, and briefly, Elector of Saxony.
May 25 Philip Neri an Italian priest noted for founding a society of secular clergy called the "Congregation of the Oratory".
May 25 Valens Acidalius a German critic and poet writing in the Latin language.
Jul 15 Toyotomi Hidetsugu a nephew and retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi who lived during the Sengoku period of the 16th century of Japan.
Jul 23 Thoinot Arbeau the anagrammatic pen name of French cleric Jehan Tabourot. Tabourot is most famous for his Orchésographie, a study of late sixteenth-century French Renaissance social dance. He was born in Dijon and died in Langres
Aug 24 Thomas Digges an English mathematician and astronomer. He was the first to expound the Copernican system in English but discarded the notion of a fixed shell of immoveable stars to postulate infinitely many stars at varying distances; he was also first to postulate the "dark night sky paradox"
Aug 26 António Prior of Crato a grandson of King Manuel I of Portugal, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 dynastic crisis. According to some historians, he was King of Portugal as António I of Portugal during 33 days in 1580. After the crowning of Philip II of Spain as King of Portugal, he claimed the throne until 1583. He was a disciple of Bartholomew of Braga
Oct 5 Faizi a poet and scholar of late medieval India. In 1588, he became the Malik-ush-Shu'ara of Akbar's Court. He was the elder brother of Akbar's historian Abul Fazl. Akbar highly recognised the genius in him and appointed him tutor for his sons and gave place to him among his decorative 'Navaratnas'
Oct 18 Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira a Spanish navigator. Born in Congosto, in León, he was the nephew of Lope García de Castro, viceroy of Peru. He is best known for the two voyages of discovery he led into the Pacific in 1567 and 1595 in search of Terra Australis
Oct 19 Philip Howard 20th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman. He was canonised by Pope Paul VI in 1970, as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. He is variously numbered as 1st, 20th or 13th Earl of Arundel
Oct 23 Louis Gonzaga Duke of Nevers an Italian-French dignitary and diplomat in France. He was the third child of Frederick II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and Margaret Palaeologina
Nov 12 John Hawkins (naval commander) an English naval commander and administrator, merchant, navigator, shipbuilder, pirate and slave trader. He was considered the first English trader to profit from the Triangle Trade, based on selling supplies to colonies ill-supplied by their home countries, and their demand for African slaves in the Spanish colonies of Santo Domingo and Venezuela in the late 16th century. He styled himself "Captain General" as the General of both his own flotilla's of ships and those of the English Royal Navy and to distinguish himself from those Admirals that served only in the administrative sense and were not military in nature. His death and that of his cousin and mentee, Sir Francis Drake heralded the decline of the Royal Navy for decades before its recovery and eventual dominance again helped by the propaganda of the Navy's glory days under his leadership