1597 in history

1597 events chronologically

Feb 5 A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society
Jun 24 The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java)
Aug 17 Islands Voyage: Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Sir Walter Raleigh set sail on an expedition to the Azores
Oct 4 The first Guale uprising begins against the Spanish missions in Georgia
Oct 26 Imjin War: Admiral Yi Sun-sin routs the Japanese Navy of 300 ships with only 13 ships at the Battle of Myeongnyang

Top 7 most famous people born in 1597

Jan 12 François Duquesnoy a Flemish Baroque sculptor in Rome. His more idealized representations are often contrasted with the emotional character of Bernini's works, while his style shows greater affinity to Algardi's sculptures
Jan 31 John Francis Regis a French priest of the Society of Jesus, recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. His feast day is 16 June
Apr 13 Giovanni Battista Hodierna an Italian astronomer at the court of the Duke of Montechiaro. He compiled a catalog of some 40 entries, including at least 19 real and verifiable nebulous objects that might be confused with comets. The work anticipated Messier's catalogue, but had little impact. Messier seems not to have known of it
May 31 Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac a French author, best known for his epistolary essays, which were widely circulated and read in his day. He was one of the founding members of Académie française
Jun 9 Pieter Jansz. Saenredam Saenredam was a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his distinctive paintings of whitewashed church interiors
Sep 23 Francesco Barberini (1597–1679) an Italian Catholic Cardinal. The nephew of Pope Urban VIII , he benefited immensely from the nepotism practiced by his uncle. He was given various roles within the Vatican administration but his personal cultural interests, particularly in literature and the arts, meant that he became a highly significant patron. His secretary was the antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo who was also a discerning patron of the arts. Francesco was the elder brother of Cardinal Antonio Barberini and Taddeo Barberini who became Prince of Palestrina
Dec 23 Martin Opitz a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1597

Jan 29 Maharana Pratap a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present day state of Rajasthan. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. In popular Indian culture, Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and chivalry to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar
Feb 6 Franciscus Patricius a philosopher and scientist from the Republic of Venice. He was known as a defender of Platonism and an opponent of Aristotelianism. In Croatia he is referred to as Frane Petrić. His family name in Cres was known as Petris
Jun 9 José de Anchieta a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century. A highly influential figure in Brazil's history in the first century after its European discovery, Anchieta was one of the founders of São Paulo in 1554 and of Rio de Janeiro in 1565. He is the first playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature. Anchieta was also involved in the religious instruction and conversion to the Catholic faith of the Indian population. His efforts along with those of another Jesuit missionary, Manuel da Nóbrega, at Indian pacification were crucial to the establishment of stable colonial settlements in the colony
Jun 20 Willem Barentsz a Dutch navigator, cartographer, and Arctic explorer. He went on three expeditions to the far north in search for a Northeast passage. During his third expedition, the crew was stranded on Nova Zembla for almost a year. Barentsz died on the return voyage in 1597. In the 19th century, the Barents Sea was named after him
Nov 1 Edward Kelley an ambiguous figure in English Renaissance occultism and self-declared spirit medium who worked with John Dee in his magical investigations. Besides the professed ability to summon spirits or angels in a "shew-stone" or mirror, which John Dee so valued, Kelley also claimed to possess the secret of transmuting base metals into gold, the goal of alchemy, as well as the supposed Philosopher's Stone itself
Nov 6 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain a Duchess consort of Savoy by marriage to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy: she also served as Regent of Savoy several times during the absence of her spouse. She was the youngest surviving daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois; she was also the sister of Isabella Clara Eugenia, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands
Dec 21 Peter Canisius an important Jesuit Catholic priest who supported the Catholic faith during the Protestant Reformation in Germany, Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, and Switzerland. The restoration of the Catholic Church in Germany after the Protestant Reformation is largely attributed to the work there of the Society of Jesus, which he led. He is venerated in the Catholic Church as a saint and as a Doctor of the Church