Born in 1597

Jan 12 François Duquesnoy a Flemish Baroque sculptor in Rome. His more idealized representations are often contrasted with the emotional character of Bernini's works, while his style shows greater affinity to Algardi's sculptures
Jan 25 Johann Philipp Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
Jan 31 John Francis Regis a French priest of the Society of Jesus, recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. His feast day is 16 June
Feb 24 Vincent Voiture the son of a rich wine merchant of Amiens. He was introduced by a schoolfellow, the count Claude d'Avaux, to Gaston, Duke of Orléans, and accompanied him to Brussels and Lorraine on diplomatic missions
Mar 18 Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière a French nobleman who spent his life in serving the needs of the poor. A founder of the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal, he also helped to establish the French colony of Montreal. Although a layman, as part of that objective, he was the founder of the Congregation of the Religious Hospitallers of Joseph, Religious Sisters dedicated to the care of the sick poor. He has been declared Venerable by the Catholic Church
Apr 9 John Davenport (minister) an English Puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven.
Apr 13 Giovanni Battista Hodierna an Italian astronomer at the court of the Duke of Montechiaro. He compiled a catalog of some 40 entries, including at least 19 real and verifiable nebulous objects that might be confused with comets. The work anticipated Messier's catalogue, but had little impact. Messier seems not to have known of it
Apr 23 Alvise Contarini (diplomat) a patrician and diplomat of the Republic of Venice.
May 13 Cornelis Schut a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman and engraver active in Italy and Antwerp.
May 31 Bernardino de Rebolledo a Spanish poet, soldier and diplomat , and one of the most original poets, of the 17th century in Spain. He was a descendent from 1st Count of Rebolledo, don Rodrigo, who received his surname and title from the king of Asturias and León don Ramiro I in 815 during the Reconquista
May 31 Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac a French author, best known for his epistolary essays, which were widely circulated and read in his day. He was one of the founding members of Académie française
Jun 9 Pieter Jansz. Saenredam Saenredam was a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his distinctive paintings of whitewashed church interiors
Jul 2 Theodoor Rombouts a Flemish Baroque painter specializing in Caravaggesque genre scenes depicting lively dramatic gatherings.
Jul 13 Sebastian Stoskopff an Alsatian painter. He is considered one of the most important German still life painters of his time. His works, which were rediscovered after 1930, portray goblets, cups and especially glasses. The reduction to a few objects, which is characteristic of early still life painting, can again be recognized in Stoskopff's painting. His chief works hang in Strasbourg and in Saarbrücken
Aug 20 Józef Bartłomiej Zimorowic a Polish poet and historian of the Baroque era, most famous for his pastoral poems Sielanki nowe ruskie , first published in Kraków in 1663. He was born into a Lwów Armenian family, his father was of a stonemason, Stanisŀaw Ozimek, and educated at the cathedral school in the city. He began to work for the city chancellery and in 1624 changed his surname to Zimorowic in order to advance his career by distancing himself from his artisanal background. He married Katarzyna Duchnicówna, the daughter of a rich goldsmith. In 1640, he took over the running of the city chancellery, became a councillor and was several times mayor of Lwów, which allowed him to take part in the election of King Jan Kazimierz in 1648
Aug 21 Roger Twysden an English historian and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1640.
Sep 23 Francesco Barberini (1597–1679) an Italian Catholic Cardinal. The nephew of Pope Urban VIII , he benefited immensely from the nepotism practiced by his uncle. He was given various roles within the Vatican administration but his personal cultural interests, particularly in literature and the arts, meant that he became a highly significant patron. His secretary was the antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo who was also a discerning patron of the arts. Francesco was the elder brother of Cardinal Antonio Barberini and Taddeo Barberini who became Prince of Palestrina
Sep 28 Justus Sustermans a Flemish painter in the Baroque style. He was born in Antwerp and died in Florence
Nov 19 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (1597–1660) the wife of George William, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, and the mother of Frederick William of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector".
Dec 22 Frederick III Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
Dec 23 Martin Opitz a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.
Dec 24 Honoré II Prince of Monaco Sovereign Prince of Monaco. He was the first to be called Prince, but started his reign as Lord of Monaco