1598 in history

1598 events chronologically

Apr 13 Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the Huguenots. (Edict repealed in 1685.)
Apr 30 Juan de Oñate makes a formal declaration of his Conquest of New Mexico
Aug 14 Nine Years' War: Battle of the Yellow Ford: Irish forces under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, defeat an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal
Sep 22 English playwright Ben Jonson kills an actor in a duel and is indicted for manslaughter
Dec 16 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang – The final battle of the Seven Year War is fought between the China and the Korean allied forces and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive allied forces victory
Dec 21 Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile

Top 7 most famous people born in 1598

Jan 13 François Mansart a French architect credited with introducing classicism into Baroque architecture of France. The Encyclopædia Britannica cites him as the most accomplished of 17th-century French architects whose works "are renowned for their high degree of refinement, subtlety, and elegance"
Apr 9 Johann Crüger a German composer of well-known hymns.
Apr 17 Giovanni Battista Riccioli an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things, for his experiments with pendulums and with falling bodies, for his discussion of 126 arguments concerning the motion of the Earth, and for introducing the current scheme of lunar nomenclature
Jul 31 Alessandro Algardi an Italian high-Baroque sculptor active almost exclusively in Rome, where for the latter decades of his life, he was, along with Francesco Borromini and Pietro da Cortona, one of the major rivals of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Sep 27 Robert Blake (admiral) one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer. Blake is recognised as the chief founder of England's naval supremacy, a dominance subsequently inherited by the British Royal Navy into the early 20th century. Despite this, due to deliberate attempts to expunge the Parliamentarians from history following the Restoration, Blake's achievements tend not to receive the full recognition that they deserve
Nov 7 Francisco de Zurbarán a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled
Dec 7 Gian Lorenzo Bernini an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. In addition, he painted, wrote plays, and designed metalwork and stage sets

Top 7 most famous people died in 1598

Feb 10 Anne of Austria Queen of Poland queen consort of Poland and Sweden by marriage to King Sigismund III Vasa.
Jun 28 Abraham Ortelius a Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. He is also believed to be the first person to imagine that the continents were joined together before drifting to their present positions
Aug 4 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. He was the founder of the Cecil dynasty which has produced many politicians including two Prime Ministers
Sep 13 Philip II of Spain King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581. From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I , he was also King Consort of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" , his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions
Sep 18 Toyotomi Hideyoshi regarded as Japan's second "great unifier." He succeeded his former liege lord, Oda Nobunaga, and brought an end to the Sengoku period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu
Dec 15 Philips of Marnix Lord of Saint-Aldegonde a Flemish and Dutch writer and statesman, and the probable author of the text of the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus.
Dec 16 Yi Sun-sin well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. Military historians have placed General Yi Sun-Shin on par with Admiral Horatio Nelson as arguably the greatest naval commander in history for his undefeated record against seemingly insurmountable odds despite no background in naval training. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa , literally meaning "Naval Commander of the Three Provinces," was the title for the commander of the Korean navy until 1896