Died in 1598

Jan 8 John George Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and a Duke of Prussia. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he was the son of Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, and his first wife Magdalena of Saxony
Jan 9 Jasper Heywood an English Jesuit priest. He is known as the English translator of three Latin plays of Seneca, the Troas , the Thyestes and Hercules Furens
Feb 10 Anne of Austria Queen of Poland queen consort of Poland and Sweden by marriage to King Sigismund III Vasa.
Feb 27 Friedrich Dedekind a German humanist, theologian, and bookseller.
May 3 Anna Guarini an Italian virtuoso singer of the late Renaissance. She was one of the most renowned singers of the age, and was one of the four concerto di donne at the Ferrara court of the d'Este family, for whom many composers wrote in a progressive style
Jun 28 Abraham Ortelius a Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. He is also believed to be the first person to imagine that the continents were joined together before drifting to their present positions
Aug 4 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. He was the founder of the Cecil dynasty which has produced many politicians including two Prime Ministers
Sep 13 Philip II of Spain King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581. From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I , he was also King Consort of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" , his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions
Sep 18 Toyotomi Hideyoshi regarded as Japan's second "great unifier." He succeeded his former liege lord, Oda Nobunaga, and brought an end to the Sengoku period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu
Oct 11 Joachim Camerarius the Younger a German physician, botanist, zoologist and humanist scholar.
Dec 15 Philips of Marnix Lord of Saint-Aldegonde a Flemish and Dutch writer and statesman, and the probable author of the text of the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus.
Dec 16 Yi Sun-sin well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. Military historians have placed General Yi Sun-Shin on par with Admiral Horatio Nelson as arguably the greatest naval commander in history for his undefeated record against seemingly insurmountable odds despite no background in naval training. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa , literally meaning "Naval Commander of the Three Provinces," was the title for the commander of the Korean navy until 1896
Dec 24 Martín García Óñez de Loyola a Spanish Basque soldier and Royal Governor of the Captaincy General of Chile.