Died in 1599

Jan 13 Edmund Spenser recognised as one of the premier craftsmen of Modern English verse in its infancy, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.
Jan 22 Cristofano Malvezzi an Italian organist and composer of the late Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers in the city of Florence during a time of transition to the Baroque style
Feb 8 Robert Rollock the first principal of the University of Edinburgh.
Mar 19 Stanisław Radziwiłł a sixth generation Radziwill family noble of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was a general starost of the Duchy of Samogitia , a first ordynat of Olyka, and the Great Lithuanian Marshal
Apr 10 Gabrielle d'Estrées a mistress of Henry IV of France, born at either the Château de la Bourdaisière in Montlouis-sur-Loire, in Touraine, or at the château de Cœuvres, in Picardy.
Apr 14 Henry Wallop an English statesman.
Apr 27 Maeda Toshiie one of the leading generals of Oda Nobunaga following the Sengoku period of the 16th century extending to the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His father was Maeda Toshimasa. He was the fourth of seven brothers. His childhood name was "Inuchiyo". His preferred weapon was a yari and he was known as "Yari no Mataza" , Matazaemon being his common name. The highest rank from the court that he received is the Great Counselor Dainagon
Jul 11 Chōsokabe Motochika a Sengoku period daimyo in Japan. He was the 21st chief of the Chōsokabe clan of Tosa Province. He was the son and heir of Chōsokabe Kunichika and his mother was a daughter of the Saitō clan of Mino Province
Aug 22 Luca Marenzio an Italian composer and singer of the late Renaissance. He was one of the most renowned composers of madrigals, and wrote some of the most famous examples of the form in its late stage of development, prior to its early Baroque transformation by Monteverdi. In all, Marenzio wrote around 500 madrigals, ranging from the lightest to the most serious styles, packed with word-painting, chromaticism, and other characteristics of the late madrigal style. Marenzio was influential as far away as England, where his earlier, lighter work appeared in 1588 in the Musica Transalpina, the collection that initiated the madrigal craze in that country. Marenzio worked in the service of several aristocratic Italian families, including the Gonzaga, Este, and Medici, and spent most of his career in Rome
Sep 1 Cornelis de Houtman a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and managed to begin the Dutch spice trade. At the time, the Portuguese Empire held a monopoly on the spice trade, and the voyage was a symbolic victory for the Dutch, even though the voyage itself was a disaster
Sep 11 Beatrice Cenci an Italian noblewoman. She is famous as the protagonist in events leading to a lurid murder trial in Rome that gave rise to an enduring legend about her
Oct 2 Hoca Sadeddin Efendi an Ottoman scholar, official, and historian, a teacher of Ottoman sultan Murad III. His name is transcribed differently: Sa'd ad-Din, Sa'd al-Din, Sa’adeddin, Sadeddin, etc. He was also called "Hoca Efendi", "Koca Hoca Efendi" and with the title of "Câmi'-ür Riyâseteyn"
Oct 18 Daniel Adam z Veleslavína a Czech lexicographer, publisher, translator, and writer.
Nov 3 Andrew Báthory a Hungarian Roman Catholic Cardinal, a Prince-Bishop of Warmia , and Prince of Transylvania. He was also Grand Master of the Order of the Dragon
Nov 7 Gasparo Tagliacozzi an Italian surgeon, pioneer of plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Nov 8 Francisco Guerrero (composer) a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville