1600 in history

1600 events chronologically

Jan 1 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25
Feb 17 The philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de' Fiori in Rome
Feb 19 The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America
Mar 20 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden
Aug 5 The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place
Aug 23 Battle of Gifu Castle: The eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara
Oct 6 Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, receives its première performance in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period

Top 7 most famous people born in 1600

Jan 17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. During certain periods of his life he was also a soldier and a Roman Catholic priest. Born when the Spanish Golden Age theatre was being defined by Lope de Vega, he developed it further, his work being regarded as the culmination of the Spanish Baroque theatre. As such, he is regarded as one of Spain's foremost dramatists and one of the finest playwrights of world literature
Jan 28 Pope Clement IX Pope from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.
Feb 2 Gabriel Naudé a French librarian and scholar. He was a prolific writer who produced works on many subjects including politics, religion, history and the supernatural. An influential work on library science was the 1627 book Advice on Establishing a Library. Naudé was later able to put into practice all the ideas he put forth in Advice, when he was given the opportunity to build and maintain the library of Cardinal Jules Mazarin
Mar 4 Hans Christoff von Königsmarck a Swedish-German soldier who commanded Sweden's legendary flying column, a force which played a key role in Gustavus Adolphus' strategy.
Sep 19 Hermann Busenbaum a Jesuit theologian. He attained fame as a master of casuistry
Nov 19 Charles I of England monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Nov 19 Lieuwe van Aitzema a Dutch historian, diplomat, bon viveur, philanderer and spy.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1600

Feb 15 José de Acosta a Spanish 16th-century Jesuit missionary and naturalist in Latin America.
Feb 17 Giordano Bruno an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and astrologer. He is celebrated for his cosmological theories, which went even further than the then-novel Copernican model, proposing that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own exoplanets, and moreover the possibility that these planets could even foster life of their own. He also insisted that the universe is in fact infinite, thus having no celestial body at its "center"
May 4 Jean Nicot a French diplomat and scholar.
Oct 12 Luis de Molina a Spanish Jesuit priest and a staunch Scholastic defender of 'human liberty' in the Divine grace and human liberty controversy of the Renaissance.
Nov 3 Richard Hooker an English priest in the Church of England and an influential theologian. He was one of the most important English theologians of the sixteenth century. His defence of the role of redeemed reason informed the theology of the seventeenth century Caroline divines and later provided many members of the Church of England reason with a theological method which combined the claims of revelation, reason and tradition. Scholars disagree regarding Hooker's relationship with what would be called "Anglicanism" and the Reformed theological tradition. Traditionally, he has been regarded as the originator of the Anglican via media between Protestantism and Catholicism.:1 However, a growing number of scholars have argued that he should be positioned in the mainstream Reformed theology of his time, and only sought to oppose extremist Puritans rather than moving the Church of England away from Protestantism.:4
Nov 6 Ishida Mitsunari a samurai of the late Sengoku period of Japan. He is probably best remembered as the commander of the Western army in the Battle of Sekigahara following the Azuchi-Momoyama period of the 17th century. Also known by his court title, Jibunoshō
Nov 30 Nanda Bayin king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia