Born in 1600

Jan 1 Friedrich Spanheim a Calvinistic theology professor at the University of Leiden.
Jan 17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. During certain periods of his life he was also a soldier and a Roman Catholic priest. Born when the Spanish Golden Age theatre was being defined by Lope de Vega, he developed it further, his work being regarded as the culmination of the Spanish Baroque theatre. As such, he is regarded as one of Spain's foremost dramatists and one of the finest playwrights of world literature
Jan 28 Pope Clement IX Pope from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.
Feb 2 Gabriel Naudé a French librarian and scholar. He was a prolific writer who produced works on many subjects including politics, religion, history and the supernatural. An influential work on library science was the 1627 book Advice on Establishing a Library. Naudé was later able to put into practice all the ideas he put forth in Advice, when he was given the opportunity to build and maintain the library of Cardinal Jules Mazarin
Mar 3 George Ghica Prince of Moldavia in 1658–1659 and Prince of Wallachia in 1659–1660.
Mar 4 Hans Christoff von Königsmarck a Swedish-German soldier who commanded Sweden's legendary flying column, a force which played a key role in Gustavus Adolphus' strategy.
Apr 13 Duke Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg a member of the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin and a titular Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
Sep 19 Hermann Busenbaum a Jesuit theologian. He attained fame as a master of casuistry
Nov 19 Charles I of England monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Nov 19 Lieuwe van Aitzema a Dutch historian, diplomat, bon viveur, philanderer and spy.