Died in 1600

Jan 21 Jerzy Radziwiłł (1556–1600) a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman from the Radziwiłł family. He was a Catholic bishop and cardinal. Radziwiłł was also an Imperial Prince
Feb 15 José de Acosta a Spanish 16th-century Jesuit missionary and naturalist in Latin America.
Feb 17 Giordano Bruno an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and astrologer. He is celebrated for his cosmological theories, which went even further than the then-novel Copernican model, proposing that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own exoplanets, and moreover the possibility that these planets could even foster life of their own. He also insisted that the universe is in fact infinite, thus having no celestial body at its "center"
Feb 29 Caspar Hennenberger a German Lutheran pastor, historian and cartographer.
Apr 26 Conrad Dasypodius a professor of mathematics in Strasbourg, Alsace. He was born in Frauenfeld, Thurgau, Switzerland. His first name was also rendered as Konrad or Conradus or Cunradus, and his last name has been alternatively stated as Rauchfuss, Rauchfuß, and Hasenfratz. He was the son of Petrus Dasypodius , a humanist and lexicographer
May 4 Jean Nicot a French diplomat and scholar.
Jul 29 Adolf von Schwarzenberg preserved in the arsenal of Vienna. He fought in the wars of religion, but was chiefly distinguished in the wars on the Eastern frontier against the Turks. He was killed in a mutiny of the soldiers at Papa in Hungary in 1600
Aug 5 Alexander Ruthven a Scottish nobleman. He is most notable for his participation in the Gowrie conspiracy of 1600
Aug 5 John Ruthven 3rd Earl of Gowrie a Scottish nobleman who succeeded his brother, James, the 2nd Earl, as Earl of Gowrie following James' death in 1586. John died in 1600 in mysterious circumstances, referred to as the "Gowrie Conspiracy."
Sep 1 Tadeáš Hájek the personal physician of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II and a Bohemian astronomer.
Sep 26 Claude Le Jeune a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. He was the primary representative of the musical movement known as musique mesurée, and a significant composer of the "Parisian" chanson, the predominant secular form in France in the latter half of the 16th century. His fame was widespread in Europe, and he ranks as one of the most influential composers of the time
Oct 12 Luis de Molina a Spanish Jesuit priest and a staunch Scholastic defender of 'human liberty' in the Divine grace and human liberty controversy of the Renaissance.
Oct 21 Ōtani Yoshitsugu a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through the Azuchi-Momoyama Period. He was also known by his court title, Gyōbu-shōyū. He was born in 1558 to a father who was said to be a retainer of either Ōtomo Sōrin or of Rokkaku Yoshikata. He became one of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's followers. He participated in the Kyūshū, Toyotomi campaign, and was sent to Korea as one of the Three Bureaucrats with Mashita Nagamori and Ishida Mitsunari
Oct 21 Toda Katsushige a daimyo in Sengoku period and Azuchi-Momoyama period.
Nov 3 Richard Hooker an English priest in the Church of England and an influential theologian. He was one of the most important English theologians of the sixteenth century. His defence of the role of redeemed reason informed the theology of the seventeenth century Caroline divines and later provided many members of the Church of England reason with a theological method which combined the claims of revelation, reason and tradition. Scholars disagree regarding Hooker's relationship with what would be called "Anglicanism" and the Reformed theological tradition. Traditionally, he has been regarded as the originator of the Anglican via media between Protestantism and Catholicism.:1 However, a growing number of scholars have argued that he should be positioned in the mainstream Reformed theology of his time, and only sought to oppose extremist Puritans rather than moving the Church of England away from Protestantism.:4
Nov 6 Konishi Yukinaga a Kirishitan daimyō under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Nov 6 Ishida Mitsunari a samurai of the late Sengoku period of Japan. He is probably best remembered as the commander of the Western army in the Battle of Sekigahara following the Azuchi-Momoyama period of the 17th century. Also known by his court title, Jibunoshō
Nov 8 Natsuka Masaie a daimyō in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and one of the Go-Bugyō, or five commissioners, appointed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Nov 17 Kuki Yoshitaka a naval commander during Japan's Sengoku Period, under Oda Nobunaga, and later, Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He was also the ninth headmaster of the Kuki family's school of martial arts, Kukishin-ryū and thus a very skilled warrior
Nov 30 Nanda Bayin king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia