1600 events in history

Jan 1 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25
Feb 17 The philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de' Fiori in Rome
Feb 19 The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America
Mar 20 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden
Aug 5 The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place
Aug 23 Battle of Gifu Castle: The eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara
Oct 6 Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, receives its première performance in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period
Oct 8 San Marino adopts its written constitution
Oct 21 Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate that in effect rules Japan until the mid-nineteenth century
Dec 17 Marriage of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
Dec 31 The British East India Company is chartered