Died in 1603

Feb 7 Gulbadan Begum most known as the author of Humayun Nama, the account of the life of her half-brother, Humayun. Later, her nephew, Prince Jalal-ud-Dīn ascended the imperial throne as Emperor Akbar the Great. She was also the paternal aunt of Akbar's chief consort, Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum
Feb 7 Hermann Wilken a German humanist and mathematician.
Feb 23 Andrea Cesalpino an Italian physician, philosopher and botanist.
Feb 23 François Viète a French mathematician whose work on new algebra was an important step towards modern algebra, due to its innovative use of letters as parameters in equations. He was a lawyer by trade, and served as a privy councillor to both Henry III and Henry IV
Feb 26 Maria of Austria Holy Roman Empress the spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary. She was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and twice served as regent of Spain
Mar 14 Ulrich Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1555-56 to 1603.
Mar 24 Elizabeth I of England Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII by second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. However, Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels
Apr 25 George Frederick Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was the son of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and a member of the House of Hohenzollern. He married firstly, in 1559, Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin. He married secondly, in 1579, Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg , daughter of William of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Dorothea of Denmark
Jun 27 Jan Dymitr Solikowski a Polish writer, diplomat, Archbishop of Lwów.
Jul 4 Philippe de Monte a Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. He was a member of the 3rd generation madrigalists and wrote more madrigals than any other composer of the time. Sources cite him as being "the best composer in the entire country, particularly in the new manner and musica reservata." Others compare his collections of music with that of other influential composers, such as Lassus
Jul 10 Joan Terès i Borrull presbyter of Vic, auxiliary bishop of Morocco , bishop of Elne and of Tortosa , and archbishop of Tarragona. He was viceroy of Catalonia and councillor of King Philip III of Spain
Aug 1 Konstanty Korniakt a Greek born merchant, and a Polish nobleman, active throughout Central and Eastern Europe; a leaseholder of royal tolls who collected customs duty on behalf of the king. During his lifetime he was the wealthiest man in Lviv and even owned numerous villages. He was a wholesale merchant and founder of the Korniakt family dynasty
Aug 25 Ahmad al-Mansur Sultan of the Saadi dynasty from 1578 to his death in 1603, the sixth and most famous of all rulers of the Saadis. Ahmad al-Mansur was an important figure in both Europe and Africa in the sixteenth century, his powerful army and strategic location made him an important power player in the late Renaissance period
Aug 25 Jan Zborowski a Polish Court Hetman of the Crown, royal secretaty of Zygmunt II August and Lord Kasztelan of Gniezno.
Sep 9 George Carey 2nd Baron Hunsdon the eldest son of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Anne Morgan. His father was first cousin to Elizabeth I of England. In 1560, at the age of 13, George matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1566 he accompanied the Earl of Bedford on an official mission to Scotland, to attend the baptism of the future King James VI
Oct 15 Takeda Nobuyoshi a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period. Born Tokugawa Fukumatsumaru, he was one of Tokugawa Ieyasu's sons. His mother is believed to have been Otoma, the daughter of Takeda clan retainer Akiyama Torayasu. As Ieyasu took pity on the destroyed Takeda clan, he changed his son's name to Takeda Manchiyomaru and then Takeda Shichirō Nobuyoshi. He entrusted the boy to the care of the Anayama of Kai Province
Oct 27 Irina Godunova the wife of Tsar Feodor I Ivanovich and the sister of Tsar Boris Godunov.
Nov 16 Pierre Charron a French 16th-century Catholic theologian and philosopher, and a disciple and contemporary of Michel Montaigne.
Nov 20 Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire and a member of the nobility of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Nov 30 William Gilbert (astronomer) an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. He is remembered today largely for his book De Magnete , and is credited as one of the originators of the term "electricity". He is regarded by some as the father of electrical engineering or electricity and magnetism
Dec 4 Marten de Vos a leading Antwerp painter and draughtsman in the late sixteenth century.
Dec 9 William Watson (priest) an English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, executed for treason.
Dec 27 Thomas Cartwright (theologian) an English Puritan churchman.