Born in 1605

Feb 6 Bernard of Corleone Saint Bernard of Corleone, O.F.M. Cap., is a Catholic saint who was born in the town of Corleone in the Kingdom of Sicily on 6 February 1605. His name was Filippo Latino before becoming a friar. His father was a shoemaker, and Bernard learned this trade. After the death of his father, he became a soldier and took up fencing, becoming skilled in the art. While in the army he displayed a fiery temper and was quick to challenge men to a duel. His only fault, in the words of two witnesses at his beatification process, was that "he was quick to draw his sword at the slightest provocation." His life was not noted for its moral content and he had quite a reputation in the company
Mar 17 George II Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1626 - 1661. He was the son of Ludwig V and Magdalene of Brandenburg
Mar 28 Nishiyama Sōin a haikai-no-renga poet of the early Tokugawa period. He founded the Danrin school of haikai poetry, which aimed to move away from the serious 'bookishness' popular in Japanese poetry at the time and become more in touch with the common people, infusing a spirit of greater freedom into their poetry
Apr 8 Philip IV of Spain King of Spain and Portugal as Philip III. He ascended the thrones in 1621 and reigned in Spain until his death and in Portugal until 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the challenging period of the Thirty Years' War
Apr 18 Giacomo Carissimi an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accurately, the Roman School of music
Apr 21 Nyzette Cheveron an alleged Belgian witch. She is one of the victims of the witch hunt which took place in the Ardennes in Belgium, then the Spanish Netherlands, particularly around the area of Chevron, around the years of 1604–1605, which is perhaps the most known witch hunt in Belgian history
May 7 Patriarch Nikon of Moscow the seventh Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus' of the Russian Orthodox Church. This was one of the most important periods in the Church's history, as Nikon introduced many reforms which eventually led to a lasting schism known as Raskol in the Russian Orthodox Church
May 16 Federico Ubaldo della Rovere Duke of Urbino Duke of Urbino and the father of Vittoria della Rovere.
May 29 Hendrick van Anthonissen a Dutch marine painter.
Jul 29 Simon Dach a Prussian German lyrical poet and writer of hymns, born in Memel in the Duchy of Prussia.
Aug 6 Bulstrode Whitelocke an English lawyer, writer, parliamentarian and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England.
Aug 8 Cecil Calvert 2nd Baron Baltimore an English peer who was the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland, and ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and the colony of Avalon. His title was "Cecil Calvert, Second Baron Baltimore, First Lord Proprietary, Earl Palatine of the Provinces of Maryland and Avalon in America". He received the proprietorship after the death of his father, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, , for whom it was intended. Cecil Calvert established and managed the Province of Maryland from his home, Kiplin Hall, in North Yorkshire, England. As an English Roman Catholic, he continued the legacy of his father by promoting religious tolerance in the colony
Aug 18 Henry Hammond an English churchman.
Aug 28 Ajige a prince and general of the Qing Dynasty. He was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the 12th son of Nurhaci, khan of the Later Jin Dynasty
Sep 8 Cornelis Jan Witsen Witsen was a counsellor and mayor of the city of Amsterdam. He was the father of Nicolaes Witsen and the son of Jan Witsz and Grietje Claes
Sep 12 William Dugdale an English antiquary and herald. As a scholar he was influential in the development of medieval history as an academic subject
Sep 17 Francesco Sacrati an Italian composer of the Baroque era, who played an important role in the early history of opera. He wrote for the Teatro Novissimo in Venice as well as touring his operas throughout Italy. His most famous piece is La finta pazza , said to be the first opera ever performed in France. The manuscript of this work was long thought to be lost but a touring edition of the manuscript was discovered by musicologist Lorenzo Bianconi in 1984. Some of the music bears striking similarities to the score of Monteverdi's L'incoronazione di Poppea, prompting scholars to speculate that Sacrati had a part in composing the surviving version of that opera. The United States premiere of La finta pazza, and first performance outside Europe, occurred in April 2010 at Yale University
Sep 28 Ismaël Bullialdus a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books, and was an active member of the Republic of Letters, a scholarly exchange of ideas during the 17th and 18th centuries. He is most well known for his work in astronomy, and his most famous work is his book titled Astronomia Philolaica
Oct 16 Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy a French musician and burlesque poet. In the mid-1630s he began using the nom de plume "D'Assouci" or "Dassoucy"
Oct 19 Thomas Browne an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric. Browne's writings display a deep curiosity towards the natural world, influenced by the scientific revolution of Baconian enquiry, while his Christian faith exuded tolerance and goodwill towards humanity in an often intolerant era
Oct 22 Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne ruler of the independent principality of Sedan, and a general in the French royal army. Born in Sedan, Ardennes, he was the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, Prince of Sedan and Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau. His brother was the renowned Turenne, Marshal of France. Raised as a Protestant, he received a military education in Holland under his uncles, Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and Frederick Henry of Nassau, Prince of Orange
Dec 23 Tianqi Emperor the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty from 1620 to 1627. Born Zhu Youxiao, he was the Taichang Emperor's eldest son. His era name means "Heavenly opening"