Died in 1605

Feb 11 Stradanus a Flanders-born mannerist artist active mainly in 16th century Florence.
Feb 19 Orazio Vecchi an Italian composer of the late Renaissance. He is most famous for his madrigal comedies, particularly L'Amfiparnaso
Mar 3 Pope Clement VIII Pope from 30 January 1592 to his death in 1605.
Mar 12 Alexander II of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1574 to 1605. In spite of a precarious international situation, he managed to retain relative economic stability in his kingdom and tried to establish contacts with the Tsardom of Russia. Alexander fell victim to the Iran-sponsored coup led by his own son, Constantine I
Apr 5 Adam Loftus (bishop) Archbishop of Armagh, and later Dublin, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1581. He was also the first Provost of Trinity College, Dublin
Apr 6 John Stow an English historian and antiquarian best known for his 1598 Survey of London.
Apr 23 Boris Godunov de facto regent of Russia from 1585 to 1598 and then the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605. The end of his reign saw Russia descend into the Time of Troubles
Apr 25 Naresuan the King of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1590 until his death in 1605. Naresuan was one of Siam's most revered monarchs as he was known for his campaigns to free Siam from Burmese rule. During his reign numerous wars were fought against Burma
Apr 27 Pope Leo XI Pope from 1 to 27 April 1605.
May 4 Ulisse Aldrovandi an Italian naturalist, the moving force behind Bologna's botanical garden, one of the first in Europe. Carolus Linnaeus and the comte de Buffon reckoned him the father of natural history studies. He is usually referred to, especially in older literature, as Aldrovandus; his name in Italian is equally given as Aldroandi
Jun 3 Jan Zamoyski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość. Royal Secretary since 1566, Deputy Kanclerz of the Crown since 1576, Lord Grand-Chancellor of the Crown since 1578, and Grand Hetman of the Crown since 1581. General Starost of Kraków from 1580 to 1585, Starost of Bełz, Międzyrzecz, Krzeszów, Knyszyn and Derpsk. Important advisor to Kings Sigismund II Augustus and Stephen Báthory, he was one of the major opponents of Bathory's successor, Sigismund III Vasa, and one of the most skilled diplomats, politicians and statesmen of his time, standing as a major figure in the politics of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth throughout his life
Jun 20 Feodor II of Russia a tsar of Russia during the Time of Troubles. He was born in Moscow, the son and successor to Boris Godunov. His mother Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya was one of the daughters of Malyuta Skuratov, the infamous favourite of Ivan the Terrible
Jul 18 Johann II Duke of Saxe-Weimar a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Jena.
Jul 24 Oda Hidenobu the son of Oda Nobutada and lived during the Azuchi-Momoyama period in the late-16th century. His other name was Sanpōshi
Jul 26 Miguel de Benavides a Spanish clergyman and sinologist who was the third Archbishop of Manila. He previously served as the first Bishop of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, and was the founder of the University of Santo Tomas in the City of Manila
Sep 11 Thomas Tresham (died 1605) a Catholic recusant politician at the end of the Tudor dynasty and the start of the Stuart dynasty in England.
Sep 14 Jan Tarnowski (1550–1605) Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland. His coat of arms was Rola
Sep 23 Pontus de Tyard a French poet and priest, a member of "La Pléiade".
Sep 24 Manuel Mendes a Portuguese composer and teacher of the Renaissance. While his music remains obscure, he was important as the teacher of several of the composers of the golden age of Portuguese polyphony, including Duarte Lobo and Manuel Cardoso
Oct 13 Theodore Beza a French Protestant Christian theologian and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation. A member of the monarchomaque movement who opposed absolute monarchy, he was a disciple of John Calvin and lived most of his life in Switzerland
Oct 22 Constantine I of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from March to October 1605.
Oct 27 Akbar Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. In order to preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strived to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status
Nov 5 Nyaungyan Min king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1599 to 1605. He is also referred to as the founder of the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty for starting the reunification process following the collapse of the Toungoo Empire
Nov 8 Robert Catesby the leader of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Nov 10 Safiye Sultan the favourite consort of Ottoman Sultan Murad III and valide sultan to her son Mehmed III.
Nov 26 Handan Sultan the mother of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I and his Valide Sultan from 21 December 1603 until 26 November 1605. She was originally a Greek Orthodox Christian named Helena
Dec 23 Francis Tresham a member of the group of English provincial Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a conspiracy to assassinate King James I of England.
Dec 25 Marino Grimani (doge) the 89th Doge of Venice, reigning from 26 April 1595 until his death. Grimani's reign as doge was principally remembered for two reasons: the splendid celebrations for the coronation of his wife, Morosina Morosini; and the beginning of the quarrel with the papacy that resulted in Pope Paul V placing the Republic of Venice under papal interdict in the reign of Grimani's successor, Leonardo Donato
Dec 29 John Davis (English explorer) one of the chief English navigators and explorers under Elizabeth He led several voyages to discover the Northwest Passage, served as pilot and captain on both Dutch and English voyages to the East Indies. He discovered the Falkland Islands in August 1592