Born in 1606

Feb 10 Christine Marie of France the sister of Louis XIII and the Duchess of Savoy by marriage. At the death of her husband Victor Amadeus I in 1637, she acted as regent of Savoy between 1637 and 1648
Feb 12 John Winthrop the Younger governor of Connecticut.
Mar 3 William Davenant an English poet and playwright. Along with Thomas Killigrew, Davenant was one of the rare figures in English Renaissance theatre whose career spanned both the Caroline and Restoration eras and who was active both before and after the English Civil War and during the Interregnum
Mar 3 Edmund Waller an English poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1679.
Mar 20 Georg von Derfflinger a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War.
Apr 5 Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt a French translator of the Greek and Latin classics into French and a member of the Académie française.
Apr 17 Jan Davidsz. de Heem a still life painter who was active in Utrecht and Antwerp. He is a major representative of that genre in both Dutch and Flemish Baroque painting
May 12 Joachim von Sandrart a German Baroque art-historian and painter, active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age.
May 23 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz a Spanish Catholic scholastic philosopher, ecclesiastic, mathematician and writer.
May 25 Charles Garnier (missionary) a Jesuit missionary, who was killed in a Tobacco Nation village on December 7, 1649.
Jun 6 Pierre Corneille a French tragedian, and one of the three great seventeenth-century French dramatists, along with Molière and Racine.
Jun 16 Arthur Chichester 1st Earl of Donegall an Irish aristocrat and soldier.
Jun 19 James Hamilton 1st Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Jul 10 Simion Movilă twice Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia on one occasion.
Jul 15 Rembrandt a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres in painting
Aug 18 Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.
Sep 18 Zhang Xianzhong a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province and he later conquered Sichuan in the 17th century. His rule in Sichuan was brief and he was killed by the invading Manchu army. He is commonly associated with the massacres in Sichuan which depopulated the region, however the extent of his killings is disputed
Sep 22 Li Zicheng a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over China briefly as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later.
Oct 1 Julian Maunoir a French-born Jesuit priest known as the "Apostle of Brittany". He was beatified in 1951 by Pope Pius XII and is commemorated by the Roman Catholic Church on 29 January and 2 July
Oct 12 Christoph Bernhard von Galen prince-bishop of Münster. He was born into a noble Westphalian family
Oct 14 Joan Maetsuycker the Governor of Zeylan during the Dutch period in Ceylon and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1653 to 1678. He was appointed as Governor of Zeylan in 24 March 1646 and was Governor until 26 February 1650. He was succeeded by Jacob van Kittensteyn
Nov 9 Hermann Conring a German intellectual. He made significant contributions to the study of medicine, politics and law
Nov 12 Jeanne Mance a French nurse and settler of New France. She arrived in New France two years after the Ursuline Nuns came to Quebec. Among the founders of Montreal, Canada in 1642, she established its first hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, in 1645. She returned twice to France to seek financial support for the hospital. After providing most of the care directly for years, in 1657 she recruited three sisters of the Religious Hospitallers of Joseph, and continued to direct operations of the hospital
Dec 8 Nicolò Sagredo the 105th Doge of Venice, reigning from February 6, 1675 until his death less than two years later. Little of note occurred during his reign as Venice was still recovering from the Cretan War , which had ended in the reign of his predecessor