Died in 1607

Jan 6 Guidobaldo del Monte an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
Mar 11 Giovanni Maria Nanino an Italian composer and teacher of the late Renaissance. He was a member of the Roman School of composers, and was the most influential music teacher in Rome in the late 16th century. He was the older brother of composer Giovanni Bernardino Nanino
Apr 9 Eleanor of Prussia a princess of the Duchy of Prussia by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
Apr 25 Jacob van Heemskerk a Dutch explorer and later admiral commanding the Dutch fleet at the Battle of Gibraltar.
May 11 Michele Ruggieri an Italian Jesuit priest. One of the founding fathers of the Jesuit China missions, and a co-author of the first Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, he can be described as the first European sinologist
May 17 Anna d'Este an important princess with considerable influence at the court of France and a central figure in the French Wars of Religion. In her first marriage she was Duchess of Aumale, then of Guise, in her second marriage Duchess of Nemours and Genevois
May 21 John Rainolds an English academic and churchman, of Puritan views. He is remembered for his role in the Authorized Version of the Bible, a project of which he was initiator
May 25 Magdalena de Pazzi an Italian Carmelite mystic and saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
Jun 10 John Popham (Lord Chief Justice) Speaker of the House of Commons from 1580 to 1583, Attorney General from 1 June 1581 to 1592 and Lord Chief Justice of England from 2 June 1592 to June 1607.
Jun 19 Patriarch Job of Moscow a saint of the Orthodox Church.
Jun 28 Domenico Fontana a Swiss engineer of the late Renaissance. He worked primarily in Italy
Jun 30 Caesar Baronius an Italian Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian. His best-known works are his Annales Ecclesiastici , which appear in twelve folio volumes
Jul 7 Penelope Blount Countess of Devonshire an English noblewoman. She was the sister of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and is traditionally thought to be the inspiration for "Stella" of Sir Philip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella sonnet sequence. She married Robert Rich, 3rd Baron Rich and had a public liaison with Charles Blount, Baron Mountjoy, , whom she married in an unlicensed ceremony following her divorce from Rich. She died in 1607
Aug 1 Otto Casmann a German humanist who converted from Catholicism to Protestantism as a young man.
Aug 22 Bartholomew Gosnold an English lawyer, explorer, and privateer who was instrumental in founding the Virginia Company of London, and Jamestown in colonial America. He led the first recorded European expedition to Cape Cod. He is considered by Preservation Virginia to be the "prime mover of the colonization of Virginia"
Sep 5 Pomponne de Bellièvre a French statesman, chancellor of France.
Sep 10 Luzzasco Luzzaschi an Italian composer, organist, and teacher of the late Renaissance. He was born and died in Ferrara, and despite evidence of travels to Rome it is assumed that Luzzaschi spent the majority of his life in his native city. He was a skilled representative of the late Italian madrigal style, along with Palestrina, Wert, Monte, Lassus, Marenzio, Gesualdo and others
Sep 22 Alessandro Allori an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school.
Sep 24 Simion Movilă twice Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia on one occasion.
Nov 8 Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst a princess of Anhalt by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.