Born in 1608

Jan 28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli a Renaissance Italian physiologist, physicist, and mathematician. He contributed to the modern principle of scientific investigation by continuing Galileo's custom of testing hypotheses against observation. Trained in mathematics, Borelli also made extensive studies of Jupiter's moons, the mechanics of animal locomotion and, in microscopy, of the constituents of blood. He also used microscopy to investigate the stomatal movement of plants, and undertook studies in medicine and geology. During his career, he enjoyed the patronage of Queen Christina of Sweden
Feb 5 Gaspar Schott a German Jesuit and scientist, specializing in the fields of physics, mathematics and natural philosophy, and known for his industry.
Feb 6 António Vieira a Portuguese Jesuit philosopher and writer, the "prince" of Catholic pulpit-orators of his time.
Feb 20 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell of Hadham an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 until 1641 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Capell. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War and was executed on the orders of parliament in 1649
Mar 28 Léon Bouthillier comte de Chavigny a Foreign Minister of France to Louis XIII.
Apr 15 Honoré Fabri a French Jesuit theologian. He was a mathematician, physicist and controversialist
Apr 25 Gaston Duke of Orléans the third son of King Henry IV of France and his wife Marie de Medici. As a son of the king, he was born a Fils de France. He later acquired the title Duke of Orléans, by which he was generally known during his adulthood. As the eldest surviving brother of King Louis XIII, he was known at court by the traditional honorific Monsieur
May 15 René Goupil S.J. was a French Jesuit lay missionary, who became a lay brother of the Society of Jesus shortly before his death. He was the first of the North American Martyrs of the Roman Catholic Church to receive the crown of martyrdom and the first canonized Catholic martyr in North America
Jul 13 Ferdinand III Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria.
Jul 14 George Goring Lord Goring an English Royalist soldier. He was known by the courtesy title Lord Goring as the eldest son of the 1st Earl of Norwich
Aug 4 John Tradescant the Younger a botanist and gardener, born in Meopham, Kent and educated at The King's School, Canterbury. Unlike his father, who collected specimens that other people brought back for him, he went in person to Virginia between 1628-1637 to collect plants. Among the seeds he brought back, to introduce to English gardens were great American trees, like Magnolias, Bald Cypress and Tulip tree, and garden plants such phlox and asters. He also added to the cabinet of curiosities his American acquisitions such as the ceremonial cloak of Chief Powhatan, one of the most important Native American relics. Tradescant Road, off South Lambeth Road in Vauxhall, marks the former boundary of the Tradescant estate, where the collection was kept
Sep 20 Jean-Jacques Olier a French Catholic priest and the founder of the Sulpicians. He helped to establish the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal, which organized the settlement of the colony of New France, now eastern Canada
Oct 15 Evangelista Torricelli also known for his advances in optics.
Dec 6 George Monck 1st Duke of Albemarle an English soldier, a politician and was the key figure in effecting the Restoration of the Monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.
Dec 9 John Milton an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost , written in blank verse