Died in 1608

Jan 19 Bernard Maciejowski Cardinal Bernard Maciejowski, Ciołek coat of arms , Polish nobleman, starosta, royal standard bearer, statesman and Catholic Church leader; Łuck Bishop, Archbishop of Kraków, Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland.
Jan 29 Frederick I Duke of Württemberg the son of George of Mömpelgard and his wife Barbara of Hesse, daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
Feb 13 Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski a magnate of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a Ruthenian prince, starost of Volodymyr-Volynskyi, marshal of Volhynia and voivode of the Kiev Voivodeship. Ostrogski refused to help False Dmitriy I and supported Jan Zamoyski
Feb 27 Henri Duke of Montpensier Dauphin of Auvergne, Duke of Montpensier, Sovereign Prince of the Dombes and Lord of Châtellerault.
Mar 12 Kōriki Kiyonaga a Japanese daimyo during the Azuchi-Momoyama period and Edo periods. A native of Mikawa Province, Kiyonaga served the Tokugawa clan during its battles, until 1600
Apr 19 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl of Dorset an English statesman, poet, and dramatist. He was the son of Richard Sackville, a cousin to Anne Boleyn. He was a Member of Parliament and Lord High Treasurer
Apr 29 Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608) the daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria and Anna of Austria , and the wife of Archduke Charles II of Austria.
May 14 Charles III Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1545 until his death.
Jun 1 Marie Eleonore of Cleves a Duchess consort of Prussia as the wife of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. She was the eldest child of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria
Jun 19 Alberico Gentili an Italian jurist. He left Italy due to his Protestant faith, travelled in Central Europe, and emigrated to England. In 1580 he became regius professor of civil law at the University of Oxford. He was one of the first writers on public international law
Jul 18 Joachim III Frederick Elector of Brandenburg Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1598 until his death.
Jul 25 Bartholomäus Keckermann a German writer, Calvinist theologian and philosopher. He is known for his Analytic Method. As a writer on rhetoric, he is compared to Gerhard Johann Vossius, and considered influential in Northern Europe and England
Jul 25 Pomponio Nenna a Neapolitan Italian composer of the Renaissance. He is mainly remembered for his madrigals, which were influenced by Gesualdo, and for his polychoral sacred motets, posthumously published as Sacrae Hebdomadae Responsoria in 1622
Aug 13 Giambologna a Flemish sculptor, known for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance or Mannerist style.
Sep 8 Jerónimo Xavierre a Spanish Dominican theologian.
Sep 28 Henri Duke of Joyeuse a General in the French Wars of Religion and a member of the Catholic League, who was became ordained as a Capuchin after the death of his wife, Catherine de La Valette. He was the youngest brother of Anne de Joyeuse and François de Joyeuse
Oct 19 Martin Delrio a Jesuit theologian of Spanish descent. He was born in Antwerp, and studied at numerous institutions, receiving the degree of Doctor of Law from Salamanca in 1574. After a period of political service, he became a Jesuit in 1580. He taught theology for several years in Leuven, Mainz, and Douai; all intellectual centres for the Catholic Reformation
Oct 26 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz a Spanish painter, one of the best representatives of the Spanish school of court painters. He worked for Philip II and Philip III. The Museo del Prado contains examples of his severe portraiture style
Nov 14 Bartolomeo Carducci an Italian painter, better known as Carducho, the Spanish corruption of his Italian patronymic.
Dec 29 Martin Schalling the Younger a Protestant theologian, reformer and hymnwriter. He was the son of Martin Schalling the Elder