1609 in history

1609 events chronologically

Apr 5 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
Apr 9 Eighty Years' War: Spain and the Dutch Republic sign the Treaty of Antwerp to initiate twelve years of truce
May 20 Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe
May 23 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place
Jul 6 Bohemia is granted freedom of religion
Jul 25 The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there
Aug 25 Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers

Top 7 most famous people born in 1609

Feb 18 Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon an English statesman, historian, and maternal grandfather of two English, Scottish and Irish monarchs, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.
Mar 18 Frederick III of Denmark king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. He also governed under the name Frederick II as diocesan administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Verden , and the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen
Mar 22 John II Casimir Vasa King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania during the era of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Duke of Opole in Upper Silesia, and titular King of Sweden 1648–1660. In Poland, he is known and commonly referred as Jan Kazimierz. His parents were Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. His older brother, and predecessor on the throne, was Władysław IV Vasa
Jul 28 Judith Leyster a Dutch Golden Age painter. Leyster painted genre works, a few portraits, and still lifes. The number of surviving works attributed to her varies between fewer than 20 and about 35
Oct 5 Paul Fleming (poet) a German physician and poet.
Nov 1 Matthew Hale (jurist) an influential English barrister, judge and lawyer most noted for his treatise Historia Placitorum Coronæ, or The History of the Pleas of the Crown. Born to a barrister and his wife, who had both died by the time he was 5, Hale was raised by his father's relative, a strict Puritan, and inherited his faith. In 1626 he matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford , intending to become a priest, but after a series of distractions was persuaded to become a barrister like his father thanks to an encounter with a Serjeant-at-Law in a dispute over his estate. On 8 November 1628 he joined Lincoln's Inn, where he was called to the Bar on 17 May 1636. As a barrister, Hale represented a variety of Royalist figures during the prelude and duration of the English Civil War, including Thomas Wentworth and William Laud; it has been hypothesised that Hale was to represent Charles I at his state trial, and conceived the defence Charles used. Despite the Royalist loss, Hale's reputation for integrity and his political neutrality saved him from any repercussions, and under the Commonwealth of England he was made Chairman of the Hale Commission, which investigated law reform. Following the Commission's dissolution, Oliver Cromwell made him a Justice of the Common Pleas
Nov 25 Henrietta Maria of France queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the wife of King Charles She was mother of his two immediate successors, Charles II and James II.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1609

Jan 21 Joseph Justus Scaliger a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian, Jewish and ancient Egyptian history. He spent the end of his life in the Netherlands
Feb 17 Ferdinando I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.
Apr 4 Carolus Clusius a Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th-century scientific horticulturists.
Jul 15 Annibale Carracci an Italian Baroque painter.
Jul 20 Federico Zuccari an Italian Mannerist painter and architect, active both in Italy and abroad.
Sep 17 Judah Loew ben Bezalel alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of "Moreinu ha-Rav Loew," was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leading rabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia
Oct 19 Jacobus Arminius the Latinized name of the Dutch theologian Jakob Hermanszoon from the Protestant Reformation period, served from 1603 as professor in theology at the University of Leiden. He wrote many books and treatises on theology, and his views became the basis of Arminianism and the Dutch Remonstrant movement