1609 events in history

Apr 5 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
Apr 9 Eighty Years' War: Spain and the Dutch Republic sign the Treaty of Antwerp to initiate twelve years of truce
May 20 Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe
May 23 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place
Jul 6 Bohemia is granted freedom of religion
Jul 25 The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there
Aug 25 Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers
Aug 28 Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay
Sep 11 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
Sep 11 Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living there
Sep 12 Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen
Sep 13 Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River