1610 in history

1610 events chronologically

Jan 7 Galileo Galilei makes his first observation of the four Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europa, although he is not able to distinguish the last two until the following day
May 14 Henry IV of France is assassinated, bringing Louis XIII to the throne
Jul 4 The Battle of Klushino is fought between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia during the Polish-Muscovite War
Jul 5 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland
Aug 2 Henry Hudson sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean
Aug 9 The First Anglo-Powhatan War begins in colonial Virginia
Oct 17 French king Louis XIII is crowned in Reims Cathedral

Top 7 most famous people born in 1610

Jan 13 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1610–1665) Electress of Bavaria as the spouse of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria. She also served as Regent of Bavaria during the minority of her son
Apr 22 Pope Alexander VIII Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy
Jul 14 Ferdinando II de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest child of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria Maddalena of Austria. His 49 year rule was punctuated by the beginning of Tuscany's long economic decline. He married Vittoria della Rovere, with whom he had two children: Cosimo III de' Medici, his eventual successor, and Francesco Maria de' Medici, a cardinal
Oct 19 James Butler 1st Duke of Ormonde an Anglo-Irish statesman and soldier, known as Earl of Ormond from 1634 to 1642 and Marquess of Ormonde from 1642 to 1661. Following the failure of the senior line of the Butler family, he was the second of the Kilcash branch to inherit the earldom. His friend, the 1st Earl of Strafford, caused him to be appointed the commander of the Cavalier forces in Ireland. From 1641 to 1647, he led the fighting against the Irish Catholic Confederation. From 1649 to 1650 he was the leading commander of the Royalist forces in the fight against the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. In the 1650s he lived in exile in Europe with King Charles II of England. Upon the restoration of Charles to the throne in 1660, Ormonde became a major figure in English and Irish politics, holding many high government offices
Oct 28 Jacob Kettler a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. Under his rule, the duchy was brought to its greatest peak in wealth and engaged in colonization
Dec 10 Adriaen van Ostade a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works.
Dec 15 David Teniers the Younger a Flemish artist born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Elder. His son David Teniers III and his grandson David Teniers IV were also painters. His wife Anna, née Anna Breughel, was the daughter of Jan Brueghel the Elder and the granddaughter of Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Top 7 most famous people died in 1610

Apr 15 Robert Persons an English Jesuit priest. He was a major figure in establishing the 16th-century "English Mission" of the Society of Jesus
May 11 Matteo Ricci S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 map of the world in Chinese characters introduced the findings of European exploration to East Asia. Within Roman Catholicism, he is considered a Servant of God
May 14 Henry IV of France King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon
May 27 François Ravaillac a French factotum in the courts of Angoulême and a regicide. An occasional tutor and Catholic zealot, he murdered King Henry IV of France in 1610
Jul 18 Caravaggio an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 and 1610. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on Baroque painting
Dec 11 Adam Elsheimer a German artist working in Rome who died at only thirty-two, but was very influential in the early 17th century. His relatively few paintings were small scale, nearly all painted on copper plates, of the type often known as cabinet paintings. They include a variety of light effects, and an innovative treatment of landscape. He was an influence on many other artists, including Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens
Dec 31 Ludolph van Ceulen a German-Dutch mathematician from Hildesheim. He emigrated to the Netherlands