Born in 1610

Jan 10 Louis Maimbourg a French Jesuit and historian.
Jan 13 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1610–1665) Electress of Bavaria as the spouse of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria. She also served as Regent of Bavaria during the minority of her son
Jan 21 Elizabeth Fones an early settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony where her father-in-law John Winthrop served as Governor. Her subsequent behaviour would scandalize the Puritan colony
Feb 13 Jean de Labadie a 17th-century French pietist. Originally a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, he became a member of the Reformed Church in 1650, before founding the community which became known as the Labadists in 1669. At its height the movement numbered around 600 with thousands of adherents further afield. It attracted some notable female converts such as the famed poet and scholar, Anna Maria van Schurman, and the entomological artist Maria Merian
Apr 22 Pope Alexander VIII Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy
May 18 Stefano della Bella an Italian draughtsman and printmaker known for etchings of a great variety of subjects, including military and court scenes, landscapes, and lively genre scenes. He left 1052 prints, and several thousand drawings, but only one known painting. He was born and died in Florence, Italy
Jul 14 Ferdinando II de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest child of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria Maddalena of Austria. His 49 year rule was punctuated by the beginning of Tuscany's long economic decline. He married Vittoria della Rovere, with whom he had two children: Cosimo III de' Medici, his eventual successor, and Francesco Maria de' Medici, a cardinal
Aug 4 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder a Dutch admiral.
Sep 6 Francesco I d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1629 until his death. The eldest son of Alfonso III d'Este, he became reigning duke after his father's abdication
Oct 3 Gabriel Lalemant a Jesuit missionary and one of the eight Canadian Martyrs.
Oct 6 Charles de Sainte-Maure duc de Montausier a French soldier and the governor of the dauphin, Louis le Grand Dauphin, the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France.
Oct 19 James Butler 1st Duke of Ormonde an Anglo-Irish statesman and soldier, known as Earl of Ormond from 1634 to 1642 and Marquess of Ormonde from 1642 to 1661. Following the failure of the senior line of the Butler family, he was the second of the Kilcash branch to inherit the earldom. His friend, the 1st Earl of Strafford, caused him to be appointed the commander of the Cavalier forces in Ireland. From 1641 to 1647, he led the fighting against the Irish Catholic Confederation. From 1649 to 1650 he was the leading commander of the Royalist forces in the fight against the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. In the 1650s he lived in exile in Europe with King Charles II of England. Upon the restoration of Charles to the throne in 1660, Ormonde became a major figure in English and Irish politics, holding many high government offices
Oct 28 Jacob Kettler a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. Under his rule, the duchy was brought to its greatest peak in wealth and engaged in colonization
Nov 22 Duchess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp as the spouse of Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp.
Dec 9 Baldassare Ferri an Italian castrato singer. He is said to have possessed "extraordinary endurance of breath, flexibility of voice and depth of emotion"
Dec 10 Adriaen van Ostade a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works.
Dec 11 False Dmitry II the second of three pretenders to the Russian throne who claimed to be Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich, the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible. The real Dmitry had died under uncertain circumstances, most likely an assassination in 1591 at the age of nine at his widowed mother's appanage residence in Uglich
Dec 12 Basil of Ostrog a Montenegrin saint venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Dec 15 David Teniers the Younger a Flemish artist born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Elder. His son David Teniers III and his grandson David Teniers IV were also painters. His wife Anna, née Anna Breughel, was the daughter of Jan Brueghel the Elder and the granddaughter of Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Dec 18 Charles du Fresne sieur du Cange a distinguished philologist and historian of the Middle Ages and Byzantium.