Born in 1611

Jan 3 James Harrington (author) an English political theorist of classical republicanism, best known for his controversial work, The Commonwealth of Oceana. This work was an exposition on an ideal constitution, designed to facilitate the development of a utopian republic
Jan 5 Tsarevich Ivan Dmitriyevich the only son of False Dmitry II of Russia and his wife Marina Mniszech, daughter of Polish Voivode Jerzy Mniszech and his wife Jadwiga Tarło. He was a claimant to the throne of the Tsardom of Russia until his death at the age of not quite four, in December 1614. He was killed right after his step-father, Ivan Zarutsky
Jan 21 Krzysztof Opaliński a Polish noble , politician, writer and satirist, Voivode of Poznań and starosta kowelski, śremski, osiecki, międzyłęski.
Jan 28 Johannes Hevelius a councillor and mayor of Danzig , then part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. As an astronomer he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography" and described ten new constellations, seven of which are still recognized by astronomers
Feb 6 Chongzhen Emperor the 16th and last emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China. He reigned from 1627 to 1644, under an era name that means "honorable and auspicious"
Mar 1 John Pell an English mathematician.
Mar 15 Jan Fyt a Flemish Baroque animal painter and etcher.
Mar 17 Robert Douglas Count of Skenninge a Scottish Field Marshal in the Swedish army, during the Thirty Years' War and the Swedish-Polish wars. He was a commander in the later stages of the Thirty Years' War
Mar 25 Evliya Çelebi an Ottoman Turk who travelled through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years, recording his commentary in a travelogue called Seyâhatnâme.
Apr 11 Karl Eusebius Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein. He inherited this title in 1627 from his father Karl He was 16 and thus considered underage and his uncles Prince Gundakar and Maximillian acted as regents until 1632. From 1639 to 1641 Karl was Chief Captain of High and Low Silesia
May 4 Carlo Rainaldi an Italian architect of the Baroque period.
May 16 Pope Innocent XI Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. He is known as the "Saviour of Hungary"
Jul 4 Gian Carlo de' Medici an Italian cardinal. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany and his wife, Maria Maddalena of Austria
Jul 16 Cecilia Renata of Austria Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.
Aug 18 Marie Louise Gonzaga wife of two Polish kings, Władysław IV Vasa and John II Casimir Vasa, and as such queen of Poland. She was born in Paris to Charles I, Duke of Mantua, and Catherine of Guise
Sep 1 William Cartwright (dramatist) an English poet, dramatist and churchman.
Sep 3 Toussaint Rose a French court secretary to Cardinal Mazarin and Louis XIV of France.
Sep 8 Johann Friedrich Gronovius a German classical scholar and critic.
Sep 11 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family. He achieved military fame and became a Marshal of France. He was one of six marshals who have been made Marshal General of France
Oct 11 Hugues de Lionne a French statesman.
Oct 26 Antonio Coello a Spanish dramatist and poet. He entered the household of the duke de Albuquerque, and after some years of service in the army received the order of Santiago in 1648. He was a favorite of Philip IV, who is reported to have collaborated with him; this rumour is not confirmed, but there is ample proof of Coellos collaboration with Calderón, Rojas Zorrilla, Solis and Velez de Guevara, the most distinguished dramatists of the age. The best of his original plays, Los Empenos de seis horas, has been wrongly ascribed to Calderón; it was adapted by Samuel Tuke, under the title of The Adventures of Five Hours, and was described by Pepys as superior to Othello. - It is an excellent example of stagecraft and animated dialogue. Coello died on 20 October 1652, shortly after his nomination to a post in the household of Philip IV
Nov 1 François-Marie comte de Broglie a prominent soldier and commander in the Thirty Years' War. Born in Piedmont, he was originally known as Francesco-Maria di Broglia, conte di Revel before becoming naturalized in France after 1643