Died in 1611

Feb 8 Jan Huyghen van Linschoten a Dutch Protestant merchant, traveller and historian. An alternative spelling of his second name is Huijgen
Feb 26 Antonio Possevino a Jesuit protagonist of Counter Reformation as a papal diplomat and a Jesuit controversialist, encyclopedist and bibliographer. He acted as papal legate and the first Jesuit to visit Moscow, vicar general of Sweden, Denmark and northern islands, Muscovy, Livonia, Rus, Hungary, Pomerania, Saxony between 1578 and 1586
Mar 3 William Douglas 10th Earl of Angus the son of William, the 9th Earl. He was a direct descendant of King James I through his paternal grandmother, Lady Agnes Keith, a daughter of William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal
Mar 5 Shimazu Yoshihisa a daimyo of Satsuma Province and the eldest son of Shimazu Takahisa. His mother was a daughter of Iriki'in Shigesato , Sesshō. Shimazu Yoshihiro and Shimazu Toshihisa are his brothers
Apr 23 Martin Ruland the Younger a German physician and alchemist.
Jun 8 Jean Bertaut born at Caen.
Jun 23 Christian II Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1591 to 1611.
Aug 2 Katō Kiyomasa a Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi-Momoyama and Edo period.
Aug 27 Tomás Luis de Victoria the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer. He is sometimes known as the "Spanish Palestrina" because he may have been taught by Palestrina
Sep 9 Eleanor de' Medici a daughter of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. She was a family member of the famous House of Medici and the sister of Marie de' Medici the Queen of France. By marriage she was Duchess consort of Mantua
Sep 12 Simon Forman an Elizabethan astrologer, occultist and herbalist active in London during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and James I of England. His reputation, however, was severely tarnished after his death when he was implicated in the plot to kill Sir Thomas Overbury. Writers from Ben Jonson to Nathaniel Hawthorne came to characterize him as either as a fool or an evil magician in league with the devil
Oct 3 Charles Duke of Mayenne a French nobleman of the house of Guise and a military leader of the Catholic League, which he headed during the French Wars of Religion, following the assassination of his brothers at Blois in 1588. In 1596, when he made peace with Henri of Navarre, the wars were essentially at an end. He was the second son of Francis of Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Anna d'Este, the daughter of Ercole d'Este II, Duke of Ferrara and Renée of France
Oct 3 Margaret of Austria Queen of Spain Queen consort of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III.
Oct 8 Pierre de L'Estoile a Parisian diarist and collector.
Oct 15 Jan Piotr Sapieha a Lithuanian nobleman ; starosta at Uświat, king's colonel, member of the Sejm, commander of the Polish- Lithuanian crew at the Kremlin, nicknamed Hetman.
Oct 30 Charles IX of Sweden King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife, Margaret Leijonhufvud, brother of Eric XIV and John III, and uncle of Sigismund I/III, king of both Sweden and Poland. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; but he did not come into actual possession of them till after the fall of Eric and the succession to the throne of John in 1568