Born in 1613

Feb 2 Noël Chabanel a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, and one of the Canadian Martyrs.
Feb 24 Mattia Preti an Italian Baroque artist who worked in Italy and Malta.
Feb 28 John Pearson (bishop) an English theologian and scholar.
Mar 6 Stjepan Gradić a Croatian philosopher and scientist and a patrician of the Republic of Ragusa.
Mar 12 André Le Nôtre a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. Most notably, he was the landscape architect who made the design and construction for the park of the Palace of Versailles, and his work represents the height of the French formal garden style, or jardin à la française
Mar 26 Henry Vane the Younger an English politician, statesman, and colonial governor. He was briefly present in North America, serving one term as the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and supported the creation of Roger Williams' Rhode Island Colony and Harvard College. A proponent of religious tolerance, he returned to England in 1637 following the Antinomian controversy that led to the banning of Anne Hutchinson from Massachusetts
Mar 28 Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang a concubine of the Qing Dynasty ruler Hong Taiji. She was declared his spouse officially although she was not his first wife, becoming empress in 1636. Her life after becoming the empress dowager is more well known historically. She was the mother of Hong Taiji's successor, the Shunzhi Emperor, and grandmother of Shunzhi's successor, Kangxi Emperor. She wielded significant influence in the Qing imperial court during the reign of her son and especially, during that of her grandson. Known for her wisdom and political insight, Empress Xiaozhuangwen is a respected figure in the history of the Qing Dynasty
Mar 29 Louis-Isaac Lemaistre de Sacy a theologian and French humanist. He is best known for his translation of the Bible the most widespread French Bible in the 18th century, also known as the Bible de Port-Royal
Apr 1 Charles de Saint-Évremond a French soldier, hedonist, essayist and literary critic. After 1661, he lived in exile, mainly in England, as a consequence of his attack on French policy at the time of the peace of the Pyrenees. He is buried in Poets' Corner, Westminster. He wrote for his friends and did not intend his work to be published, although a few of his pieces were leaked in his lifetime. The first full collection of his works was published in London in 1705, after his death
Apr 7 Gerrit Dou a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose small, highly polished paintings are typical of the Leiden fijnschilders. He specialised in genre scenes and is noted for his trompe l'oeil "niche" paintings and candlelit night-scenes with strong chiaroscuro
Apr 19 Christoph Bach (musician) a German musician of the Baroque period. He was the grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach
May 9 Mattias de' Medici the third son of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici of Tuscany and Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria. He was governor of Siena, with interruptions, from 1629. He never married
May 31 John George II Elector of Saxony the Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
Jun 16 John Cleveland an English poet.
Jul 15 Gu Yanwu a Chinese philologist and geographer. He spent his youth during the Manchu conquest of China in anti-Manchu activities after the Ming Dynasty had been overthrown. He never served the Qing Dynasty. Instead, he traveled throughout the country and devoted himself to studies
Jul 16 Alderano Cybo an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
Aug 15 Jeremy Taylor a cleric in the Church of England who achieved fame as an author during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. He is sometimes known as the "Shakespeare of Divines" for his poetic style of expression and was often presented as a model of prose writing. He is remembered in the Church of England's calendar of saints with a Lesser Festival on 13 August
Aug 15 Gilles Ménage a French scholar.
Aug 20 Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg a German poet and composer.
Sep 15 François de La Rochefoucauld (writer) a noted French author of maxims and memoirs. His is a clear-eyed, worldly view of human conduct that indulges in neither condemnation nor sentimentality. Born in Paris on the Rue des Petits Champs, at a time when the royal court was oscillating between aiding the nobility and threatening it, he was considered an exemplar of the accomplished 17th-century nobleman. Until 1650, he bore the title of Prince de Marcillac
Sep 25 Claude Perrault best known as the architect of the east wing of the Louvre Palace in Paris. He also achieved success as a physician and anatomist, and as an author, who wrote treatises on physics and natural history
Sep 29 Jean François Paul de Gondi a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde.
Oct 3 Marion Delorme a French courtesan known for her relationships with the important men of her time.
Oct 13 Karol Ferdynand Vasa Prince-Bishop of Breslau/Wrocław from 1625, bishop of Płock from 1640 and Duke of Oppeln Opole from 1648 to 1655.
Oct 31 Luisa de Guzmán a queen consort of Portugal. She was the spouse of King John IV, the first Braganza ruler, as well as the mother of two kings of Portugal and a queen of England. She served as regent of Portugal from 1656
Nov 5 Isaac de Benserade a French poet.
Dec 23 Carl Gustaf Wrangel a high-ranking Swedish noble, statesman and military commander in the Thirty Years', Torstenson, Bremen, Second Northern and Scanian Wars.