1614 in history

1614 events chronologically

Apr 5 In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
Jul 6 Żejtun and the surrounding villages suffer a raid from Ottoman forces. This was the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta
Aug 23 The University of Groningen is established in the Dutch Republic
Aug 23 Fettmilch Uprising: Jews are expelled from Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire, following the plundering of the Judengasse
Oct 11 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony
Nov 8 Japanese daimyo Dom Justo Takayama is exiled to the Philippines by shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu for being Christian

Top 7 most famous people born in 1614

Jan 5 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria an Austrian military commander, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1647 to 1656, and a patron of the arts.
Feb 14 John Wilkins an English clergyman, natural philosopher and author, as well as one of the founders of the Royal Society. He was Bishop of Chester from 1668 until his death
Mar 25 Juan Carreño de Miranda a Spanish painter of the Baroque period.
Apr 2 Jahanara Begum the eldest daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. She was also the older sister of her father's successor and the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
May 11 Franciscus Sylvius a Dutch physician and scientist who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories. He was one of the earliest defenders of the theory of circulation of the blood in the Netherlands
Jul 10 Arthur Annesley 1st Earl of Anglesey an Anglo-Irish royalist statesman. After short periods as President of the Council of State and Treasurer of the Navy, he served as Lord Privy Seal between 1673 and 1682 for Charles He succeeded his father as 2nd Viscount Valentia in 1660, and he was created Earl of Anglesey in 1661
Oct 12 Henry More an English philosopher of the Cambridge Platonist school.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1614

Apr 7 El Greco a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. "El Greco" was a nickname, a reference to his ethnic Greek origin, and the artist normally signed his paintings with his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος , often adding the word Κρής
Jul 1 Isaac Casaubon a classical scholar and philologist, first in France and then later in England, regarded by many of his time as the most learned man in Europe.
Jul 14 Camillus de Lellis an Italian priest who founded a religious Order dedicated to the care of the sick.
Jul 15 Pierre de Bourdeille seigneur de Brantôme a French historian, soldier and biographer.
Aug 11 Lavinia Fontana an Italian painter. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent
Aug 21 Elizabeth Báthory a countess from the renowned Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. She has been labelled the most prolific female serial killer in history, though the precise number of her victims is debated. Báthory and four collaborators were accused of torturing and killing hundreds of girls between 1585 and 1610. The highest number of victims cited during Báthory's trial was 650. However, this number comes from the claim by a woman named Susannah that Jacob Szilvássy, Countess Báthory's court official, had seen the figure in one of Báthory's private books. The book was never revealed, and Szilvássy never mentioned it in his testimony. Despite the evidence against Elizabeth, her family's influence kept her from facing trial. She was imprisoned in December 1610 within Csejte Castle, Upper Hungary, now in Slovakia, where she remained immured in a set of rooms until her death four years later
Sep 27 Felice Anerio an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, and a member of the Roman School of composers. He was the older brother of another important, and somewhat more progressive composer of the same period, Giovanni Francesco Anerio