Born in 1614

Jan 5 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria an Austrian military commander, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1647 to 1656, and a patron of the arts.
Feb 14 John Wilkins an English clergyman, natural philosopher and author, as well as one of the founders of the Royal Society. He was Bishop of Chester from 1668 until his death
Mar 25 Juan Carreño de Miranda a Spanish painter of the Baroque period.
Apr 2 Dodo (prince) a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing Dynasty. His title was "Prince Yu of the First Rank"
Apr 2 Jahanara Begum the eldest daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. She was also the older sister of her father's successor and the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Apr 4 Henry II Duke of Guise the second son of Charles, Duke of Guise and Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse.
Apr 11 Helena Fourment the second wife of Peter Paul Rubens. She was the subject of a few portraits by Rubens, and also modeled for other religious and mythological paintings
May 11 Franciscus Sylvius a Dutch physician and scientist who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories. He was one of the earliest defenders of the theory of circulation of the blood in the Netherlands
May 28 Gustav Evertsson Horn a Finnish-Swedish military and politician. He was a member of the Privy Council of Sweden and Governor General
Jul 10 Arthur Annesley 1st Earl of Anglesey an Anglo-Irish royalist statesman. After short periods as President of the Council of State and Treasurer of the Navy, he served as Lord Privy Seal between 1673 and 1682 for Charles He succeeded his father as 2nd Viscount Valentia in 1660, and he was created Earl of Anglesey in 1661
Aug 13 Augustus Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt of the House of Wettin and administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg.
Aug 31 Thomas Wharton (anatomist) an English physician and anatomist best known for his descriptions of the submandibular duct and Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord.
Sep 7 Gustaf Otto Stenbock a Swedish soldier and politician.
Oct 6 Francesco de' Medici (1614–1634) the fourth son of Grand Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany and his wife, Maria Maddalena of Austria. He died unmarried
Oct 12 Henry More an English philosopher of the Cambridge Platonist school.
Dec 8 Gonzales Coques a Flemish Baroque painter.
Dec 16 Eberhard III Duke of Württemberg ruled as Duke of Württemberg from 1628 until his death in 1674.