Died in 1614

Apr 2 Henri I de Montmorency Marshal of France, and Constable of France, seigneur of Damville, served as governor of Languedoc from 1563 to 1614.
Apr 7 El Greco a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. "El Greco" was a nickname, a reference to his ethnic Greek origin, and the artist normally signed his paintings with his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος , often adding the word Κρής
Jun 15 Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He was suspect as a crypto-Catholic throughout his life, and went through periods of royal disfavour, in which his reputation suffered greatly. He was distinguished for learning, artistic culture and his public charities. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. Francis Bacon included three of his sayings in his Apophthegms, and chose him as "the learnedest councillor in the kingdom to present to the king his Advancement of Learning." Although he died before it went to trial it was discovered that he had been involved in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury
Jun 27 Maeda Toshinaga a Japanese daimyo who was the second head of the Kaga Domain. He was the eldest son of Maeda Toshiie and married one of Oda Nobunaga's daughters, Ei-hime
Jul 1 Isaac Casaubon a classical scholar and philologist, first in France and then later in England, regarded by many of his time as the most learned man in Europe.
Jul 6 Man Singh I the Rajput Raja of Amber, a state later known as Jaipur in Rajputana. He was a trusted general of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who included him among the Navaratnas, or the 9 gems of the royal court
Jul 14 Camillus de Lellis an Italian priest who founded a religious Order dedicated to the care of the sick.
Jul 15 Pierre de Bourdeille seigneur de Brantôme a French historian, soldier and biographer.
Jul 16 Tsarevich Ivan Dmitriyevich the only son of False Dmitry II of Russia and his wife Marina Mniszech, daughter of Polish Voivode Jerzy Mniszech and his wife Jadwiga Tarło. He was a claimant to the throne of the Tsardom of Russia until his death at the age of not quite four, in December 1614. He was killed right after his step-father, Ivan Zarutsky
Jul 28 Felix Plater a Swiss physician, professor in Basel, well known for his classification of psychiatric diseases, and was also the first to describe an intracranial tumour. He was born and died in Basel
Aug 3 François de Bourbon Prince of Conti the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, a junior line of the House of Bourbon, and his first wife Eléanor de Roucy de Roye. He was given the title of Marquis of Conti and between 1581 and 1597 was elevated to the rank of a prince. The title of Prince of Conti was honorary and did not carry any territorial jurisdiction
Aug 11 Lavinia Fontana an Italian painter. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent
Aug 21 Elizabeth Báthory a countess from the renowned Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. She has been labelled the most prolific female serial killer in history, though the precise number of her victims is debated. Báthory and four collaborators were accused of torturing and killing hundreds of girls between 1585 and 1610. The highest number of victims cited during Báthory's trial was 650. However, this number comes from the claim by a woman named Susannah that Jacob Szilvássy, Countess Báthory's court official, had seen the figure in one of Báthory's private books. The book was never revealed, and Szilvássy never mentioned it in his testimony. Despite the evidence against Elizabeth, her family's influence kept her from facing trial. She was imprisoned in December 1610 within Csejte Castle, Upper Hungary, now in Slovakia, where she remained immured in a set of rooms until her death four years later
Aug 22 Philipp Ludwig Count Palatine of Neuburg the Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1569 until 1614.
Sep 27 Felice Anerio an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, and a member of the Roman School of composers. He was the older brother of another important, and somewhat more progressive composer of the same period, Giovanni Francesco Anerio
Nov 29 Mogami Yoshiaki a daimyō of the Yamagata domain in Dewa Province, in the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
Dec 24 Marina Mniszech a Polish noblewoman, a Russian Tsarina and a prominent warlord during Russia's Time of Troubles.