1616 in history

1616 events chronologically

Jan 12 The city of Belém is founded in Pará, Brazil by Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco
Mar 5 Nicolaus Copernicus's book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium is banned by the Catholic Church
Mar 20 Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment
Jul 11 Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec
Sep 15 The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
Oct 25 Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the West Australian coast

Top 7 most famous people born in 1616

Jan 5 Simeon Bekbulatovich a Muslim-born Khan of the Khanate of Qasim. After the period of the Oprichnina , Ivan the Terrible named Simeon Grand Prince of All Rus'. He participated in the Livonian war as a commander of the main regiment of the Muscovite army. Subsequently, he was named Grand Prince of Tver' and Torzhok. He went blind in 1595 and was allegedly tonsured as a Christian monk under the monastic name Stefan in 1606
May 19 Johann Jakob Froberger a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist. He was among the most famous composers of the era and influenced practically every major composer in Europe by developing the genre of keyboard suite and contributing greatly to the exchange of musical traditions through his many travels. He is also remembered for his highly idiomatic and personal descriptive harpsichord pieces, which are among the earliest known examples of program music
May 24 John Maitland 1st Duke of Lauderdale a Scottish politician, and leader within the Cabal Ministry.
Jun 24 Ferdinand Bol a Dutch artist, etcher, and draftsman. Although his surviving work is rare, it displays Rembrandt's influence; like his master, Bol favored historical subjects, portraits, numerous self-portraits, and single figures in exotic finery
Oct 11 Andreas Gryphius a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Oct 20 Thomas Bartholin a Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian. He is best known for his work in the discovery of the lymphatic system in humans and for his advancements of the theory of refrigeration anesthesia, being the first to describe it scientifically
Nov 23 John Wallis given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol for infinity. He similarly used for an infinitesimal. Asteroid 31982 Johnwallis was named after him

Top 7 most famous people died in 1616

Mar 6 Francis Beaumont a dramatist in the English Renaissance theatre, most famous for his collaborations with John Fletcher.
Apr 22 Miguel de Cervantes a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
Apr 23 William Shakespeare an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright
Apr 23 Garcilaso de la Vega (chronicler) a chronicler and writer from the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. The son of a Spanish conquistador and an Inca noblewoman, he is recognized primarily for his contributions to Inca history, culture, and society. His work was influential, well-received, and particularly notable for being the first literature by an author born in the Americas to enter the western canon
Jun 1 Tokugawa Ieyasu the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616. His given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikkō Tōshō-gū with the name Tōshō Daigongen
Aug 7 Vincenzo Scamozzi a Venetian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfinished projects he inherited at Palladio's death in 1580, and Baldassarre Longhena, Scamozzi's only pupil
Nov 23 Richard Hakluyt an English writer. He is known for promoting the settlement of North America by the English through his works, notably Divers Voyages Touching the Discoverie of America and The Principal Navigations, Voiages, Traffiques and Discoueries of the English Nation