Born in 1616

Jan 5 Simeon Bekbulatovich a Muslim-born Khan of the Khanate of Qasim. After the period of the Oprichnina , Ivan the Terrible named Simeon Grand Prince of All Rus'. He participated in the Livonian war as a commander of the main regiment of the Muscovite army. Subsequently, he was named Grand Prince of Tver' and Torzhok. He went blind in 1595 and was allegedly tonsured as a Christian monk under the monastic name Stefan in 1606
Jan 13 Antoinette Bourignon a French-Flemish mystic and adventurer. She taught that the end times would come soon and that the Last Judgment would then be felled. Her belief was that she was chosen by God to restore true Christianity on earth and became the central figure of a spiritual network that extended beyond the borders of the Dutch Republic, including Holstein and Scotland. Bourignon's sect belonged to the spiritualist movements that have been characterized as the "third power"
Jan 16 François de Vendôme Duke of Beaufort the illegitimate grandson of Henry IV of France. He was also cousin to Louis XIV. He was a prominent figure in the Fronde, and later went on to fight in the Mediterranean. His mother was the heiress Françoise de Lorraine. He is sometimes called François de Vendôme, though he was born into the House of Bourbon, Vendôme coming from his father's title of Duke of Vendôme
Jan 20 Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski a Polish noble , magnate, outstanding politician and military commander. Lubomirski was a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire SRI. He was the initiator of the Lubomirski Rokosz
Feb 1 Sophie Elisabeth of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.
Feb 2 Sébastien Bourdon a French painter and engraver. His chef d'œuvre is The Crucifixion of Peter made for the cathedral of Notre Dame
Feb 28 Kaspar Förster a German singer and composer.
Mar 1 Maurizio Cazzati a northern Italian composer of the seventeenth century.
Apr 10 Trijntje Keever alleged to be the tallest female person in recorded history, standing 9 Amsterdam feet or 2.54 metres tall at the time of her death at age seventeen.
May 19 Johann Jakob Froberger a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist. He was among the most famous composers of the era and influenced practically every major composer in Europe by developing the genre of keyboard suite and contributing greatly to the exchange of musical traditions through his many travels. He is also remembered for his highly idiomatic and personal descriptive harpsichord pieces, which are among the earliest known examples of program music
May 24 John Maitland 1st Duke of Lauderdale a Scottish politician, and leader within the Cabal Ministry.
May 25 Carlo Dolci an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Florence, known for highly finished religious pictures, often repeated in many versions.
May 27 Christina Magdalena of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken Countess Palatine Christina Magdalena of Kleeburg of the House of Wittelsbach, Margravine of Baden-Durlach. She was the daughter of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Kleeburg and Princess Catherine of Sweden. Christina Magdalena was a sister of Charles X of Sweden, and grew up in Sweden
Jun 23 Shah Shuja (Mughal prince) the second son of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and empress Mumtaz Mahal.
Jun 24 Ferdinand Bol a Dutch artist, etcher, and draftsman. Although his surviving work is rare, it displays Rembrandt's influence; like his master, Bol favored historical subjects, portraits, numerous self-portraits, and single figures in exotic finery
Jul 7 John Leverett an English colonial magistrate, merchant, soldier and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Born in England, he came to Massachusetts as a teenager. He was a leading merchant in the colony, and served in its military. In the 1640s he went back to England to fight in the English Civil War
Jul 21 Anna de' Medici Archduchess of Austria a daughter of Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his wife Maria Maddalena of Austria. A patron of the arts, she married Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria in 1646. They were the parents of Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Holy Roman Empress
Aug 30 Giovan Battista Nani a Venetian ambassador, librarian, archivist, amateur botanist and historian, born into a patrician family.
Sep 9 Nicolás de Villacis a Spanish Baroque painter from Murcia, a disciple of Diego Velázquez.
Oct 11 Andreas Gryphius a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Oct 18 Nicholas Culpeper an English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer. His published books include The English Physician and the Complete Herbal , which contain a rich store of pharmaceutical and herbal knowledge, and Astrological Judgement of Diseases from the Decumbiture of the Sick , which is one of the most detailed documents we have on the practice of medical astrology in Early Modern Europe
Oct 20 Thomas Bartholin a Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian. He is best known for his work in the discovery of the lymphatic system in humans and for his advancements of the theory of refrigeration anesthesia, being the first to describe it scientifically
Nov 23 John Wallis given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol for infinity. He similarly used for an infinitesimal. Asteroid 31982 Johnwallis was named after him
Dec 14 William Hamilton 2nd Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman who supported both Royalist and Presbyterian causes during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Dec 25 Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau a German poet of the Baroque era.