Died in 1616

Jan 6 Philip Henslowe an Elizabethan theatrical entrepreneur and impresario. Henslowe's modern reputation rests on the survival of his diary, a primary source for information about the theatrical world of Renaissance London. He was portrayed by actor Geoffrey Rush in the Academy Award-winning film Shakespeare in Love
Feb 18 Archduke Maximilian Ernest of Austria a German prince member of the House of Habsburg and by birth Archduke of Austria.
Feb 28 Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
Mar 3 Matthias de l'Obel a Flemish physician and botanist who was born in Lille, Nord-Pas de Calais, France, and died at Highgate, London, England after serving as a physician to William the Silent and James I of England.
Mar 6 Francis Beaumont a dramatist in the English Renaissance theatre, most famous for his collaborations with John Fletcher.
Mar 8 Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616) daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine.
Mar 8 Giulio Cesare Casseri an Italian anatomist. He wrote Tabulae anatomicae, probably the most important anatomical treatise in the seventeenth century, published in Venice, in 1627. The book contained 97 copper-engraved pictures, by Francesco Valesio, inspired by Odiardo Fialetti, Italian painter and former student at Tizian's school. The pictures in this book were copied in the works of his successor at Padua, Adriaan van den Spiegel
Mar 19 Johannes Fabricius a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots , independently of Galileo Galilei.
Mar 31 John Adolf Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
Apr 22 Miguel de Cervantes a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
Apr 23 William Shakespeare an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright
Apr 23 Shakespeare's influence William Shakespeare's influence extends from theatre and literature to present-day movies and the English language itself. Widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist, Shakespeare transformed European theatre by expanding expectations about what could be accomplished through characterization, plot, language and genre. Shakespeare's writings have also impacted a large number of notable novelists and poets over the years, including Herman Melville and Charles Dickens, and continue to influence new authors even today. Shakespeare is the most quoted writer in the history of the English-speaking world after the various writers of the Bible, and many of his quotations and neologisms have passed into everyday usage in English and other languages
Apr 23 Garcilaso de la Vega (chronicler) a chronicler and writer from the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. The son of a Spanish conquistador and an Inca noblewoman, he is recognized primarily for his contributions to Inca history, culture, and society. His work was influential, well-received, and particularly notable for being the first literature by an author born in the Americas to enter the western canon
May 4 Magdalene of Brandenburg the daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg and his third wife Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst. She married Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Jun 1 Tokugawa Ieyasu the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616. His given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikkō Tōshō-gū with the name Tōshō Daigongen
Jun 4 Adam Hieronim Sieniawski (1576–1616) a Polish–Lithuanian noble.
Jul 20 Hugh O'Neill Earl of Tyrone an Irish Gaelic chieftain, Earl of Tyrone and was later created The Ó Néill. O'Neill's career was played out against the background of the Tudor conquest of Ireland, and he is best known for leading the resistance during the Nine Years' War, the strongest threat to English authority in Ireland since the revolt of Silken Thomas
Jul 25 Andreas Libavius a German doctor and chemist.
Aug 7 Vincenzo Scamozzi a Venetian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfinished projects he inherited at Palladio's death in 1580, and Baldassarre Longhena, Scamozzi's only pupil
Oct 11 Aleksander Józef Lisowski a Polish-Lithuanian noble , commander of a mercenary group that after his death adopted the name "Lisowczycy." His coat of arms was Jeż. Little is known about his childhood, except that his family moved to Grand Duchy of Lithuania sometime mid-16th century. First references of Aleksander Józef Lisowski put him in 1601 involved with the Moldavian Magnate Wars, first as a supporter of Mihai Viteazul , later as a supporter of kanclerz Jan Zamoyski
Oct 17 John Pitts (Catholic scholar) an English Roman Catholic scholar and writer.
Oct 23 Leonhard Hutter a German Lutheran theologian.
Oct 27 Johannes Praetorius a Bohemian German mathematician and astronomer.
Nov 20 Matsumae Yoshihiro a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through early Edo period who was the daimyo of Ezochi. Yoshihiro built Matsumae Castle also known as Fukuyama Castle
Nov 23 Richard Hakluyt an English writer. He is known for promoting the settlement of North America by the English through his works, notably Divers Voyages Touching the Discoverie of America and The Principal Navigations, Voiages, Traffiques and Discoueries of the English Nation
Dec 22 Jacob Le Maire a Dutch mariner who circumnavigated the earth in 1615 and 1616. The strait between Tierra del Fuego and Isla de los Estados was named the Le Maire Strait in his honor, though not without controversy. It was Le Maire himself who proposed to the council aboard Eendracht that the new passage should be called by his name and the council unanimously agreed with Le Maire. The author or authors of The Relation took Eendracht captain Schouten’s side by proclaiming:
Dec 24 György Thurzó the Palatine of Hungary between.
Dec 31 Jan Szczęsny Herburt Polish-Ukrainian political writer, diplomat, poseł to the Sejm. Early supporter of kanclerz Jan Zamoyski, took part in many diplomatic missions. Later, supporter of the king Sigismund III Vasa and eventually his opponent, one of the leaders of rokosz of Zebrzydowski in 1607, imprisoned by royalists from 1607 to 1609. Author of many rokosz-related and anti-magnate treaties. Founder of the Kudryntsi Castle