Born in 1617

Jan 6 Christoffer Gabel a Danish statesman.
Jan 30 William Sancroft the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, and was one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in 1688 for seditious libel against King James II, over his opposition to the king's Declaration of Indulgence.
Mar 8 Tito Livio Burattini an inventor, architect, Egyptologist, scientist, instrument-maker, traveller, engineer, and nobleman. He was born in Agordo, Italy, and studied in Padua and Venice. In 1639, he explored the Great Pyramid of Giza with English mathematician John Greaves; both Burattini and Sir Isaac Newton used measurements made by Greaves in an attempt to accurately determine the circumference of the earth
May 23 Elias Ashmole a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole supported the royalist side during the English Civil War, and at the restoration of Charles II he was rewarded with several lucrative offices
Jul 31 Nicolás Antonio a Spanish bibliographer born in Seville.
Aug 13 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt a German Lutheran dogmatician in the Lutheran scholastic tradition.
Sep 13 Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg a Duchess consort of Courland. She was politically active during her tenure as duchess consort
Nov 6 Leopoldo de' Medici an Italian cardinal, scholar, patron of the arts and Governor of Siena. He was the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Nov 16 Frederick VI Margrave of Baden-Durlach the Margrave of Baden-Durlach from 1659 until his death.
Nov 19 Eustache Le Sueur born in Paris, where he passed his whole life.
Nov 21 Tosa Mitsuoki a Japanese painter.
Dec 22 Charles I Louis Elector Palatine the second son of German king Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England.
Dec 23 Magdalene Sibylle of Saxony the Princess of Denmark from 1634 to 1647 as the wife of Prince-Elect Christian of Denmark, and the Duchess consort of Saxe-Altenburg as the wife of Duke Frederick Wilhelm II.