Died in 1618

Jan 6 Margherita Gonzaga Duchess of Ferrara an Italian noblewoman, the daughter of William I, Duke of Mantua and Eleonora of Austria, and the sister of Vincent I, Duke of Mantua and Anna Caterina Gonzaga. She was the wife of Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara and Modena, whom she married in February 1579. This was the duke's third marriage, and it was hoped that she would produce a male heir. She did not, which partially led to the city of Ferrara's acquisition by the Papal States
Jan 24 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.
Feb 20 Philip William Prince of Orange the eldest son of William the Silent by his first wife Anna van Egmont. He became Prince of Orange in 1584 and Knight of the Golden Fleece in 1599
Mar 5 John Duke of Östergötland a Swedish royal dynast. He was titular Duke of Finland 1590–1606 and reigning Duke of Östergötland 1606–18
Mar 23 James Hamilton 1st Earl of Abercorn a Scottish peer.
Apr 19 Thomas Bastard an English clergyman famed for his published English language epigrams.
May 24 John George I Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1586 to 1603 he ruled the unified principality of Anhalt jointly with his brothers. After the partition of the principality in 1603, he ruled the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1603 to 1618
Jun 7 Thomas West 3rd Baron De La Warr the Englishman after whom the bay, the river, and, consequently, a Native American people and U.S. state, all later called "Delaware", were named. "De La Warr" is pronounced "Delaware"
Jul 26 Martinus Smiglecius a Polish Jesuit philosopher, known for his erudite scholastic Logica of 1618.
Aug 23 Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero a Dutch poet and playwright in the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.
Aug 28 Albert Frederick Duke of Prussia Duke of Prussia from 1568 until his death. He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family
Sep 28 Joshua Sylvester an English poet.
Oct 29 Walter Raleigh an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer and cousin to Sir Richard Grenville. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England
Nov 2 Maximilian III Archduke of Austria the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death.
Dec 6 Jacques Davy Duperron a French cardinal.
Dec 10 Giulio Caccini an Italian composer, teacher, singer, instrumentalist and writer of the very late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the founders of the genre of opera, and one of the single most influential creators of the new Baroque style. He was also the father of the composer Francesca Caccini
Dec 14 Anna of Tyrol the wife of Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor. By this marriage she was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Queen of Hungary. Her parents were Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria and Anne Juliana Gonzaga