Died in 1619

Jan 7 Nicholas Hilliard an English goldsmith and limner best known for his portrait miniatures of members of the courts of Elizabeth I and James I of England. He mostly painted small oval miniatures, but also some larger cabinet miniatures, up to about ten inches tall, and at least two famous half-length panel portraits of Elizabeth. He enjoyed continuing success as an artist, and continuing financial troubles, for forty-five years. His paintings still exemplify the visual image of Elizabethan England, very different from that of most of Europe in the late sixteenth century. Technically he was very conservative by European standards, but his paintings are superbly executed and have a freshness and charm that has ensured his continuing reputation as "the central artistic figure of the Elizabethan age, the only English painter whose work reflects, in its delicate microcosm, the world of Shakespeare's earlier plays."
Jan 11 Diane de France the natural daughter of Henry II, King of France, and his Piedmontese mistress Filippa Duci. Disproven sources claim that she was the daughter of Diane de Poitiers, because the latter was already Henry II's mistress by the time she brought up the little girl under her care
Feb 9 Lucilio Vanini an Italian philosopher, physician and free-thinker, who was one of the first significant representatives of intellectual libertinism. He was among the first modern thinkers who viewed the universe as an entity governed by natural laws. He was also the first literate proponent of the thesis that humans evolved from apes
Mar 2 Anne of Denmark Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland as the wife of James VI and I.
Mar 12 Richard Burbage an English stage actor and theatre owner. He was the younger brother of Cuthbert Burbage. They were both actors in drama
Mar 20 Matthias Holy Roman Emperor a member of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 and King of Bohemia from 1611. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
Apr 10 Thomas Jones (bishop) Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He was also Dean of Patrick's Cathedral and Bishop of Meath and the patrilineal ancestor of the Viscounts Ranelagh
Apr 16 Denis Calvaert a Flemish painter born at Antwerp, who lived in Italy for most of his life, where he was known as Dionisio Fiammingo or simply Il Fiammingo. Calvaert was a profound student of architecture, anatomy, and history, his works are characterized by their advanced composition and colouring
May 13 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt a Dutch statesman who played an important role in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain.
May 21 Hieronymus Fabricius a pioneering anatomist and surgeon known in medical science as "The Father of Embryology.".
Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, O.F.M. Cap., , born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Catholic priest and a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin
Jul 24 Nabeshima Naoshige daimyo of Hizen from 1538 to 1618.
Aug 30 Shimazu Yoshihiro the second son of Shimazu Takahisa and younger brother of Shimazu Yoshihisa. It had traditionally been believed that he became the seventeenth head of the Shimazu clan after Yoshihisa, but it is currently believed that he let Yoshihisa keep his position
Sep 7 Melchior Grodziecki a Polish Jesuit priest. He is considered as a martyr and saint by the Catholic Church. Canonized in 1995 he is liturgically commemorated on the 7 September
Sep 7 Marko Krizin a Croatian Roman Catholic priest, professor of theology and missionary, who was active in the 17th century. In the course of the struggle between Catholicism and Calvinism in the region then, he was executed for his faith. He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church, the third Croat to be so honored
Oct 14 Samuel Daniel an English poet and historian.
Nov 13 Ludovico Carracci an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna. His works are characterized by a strong mood invoked by broad gestures and flickering light that create spiritual emotion and are credited with reinvigorating Italian art, especially fresco art, which was subsumed with formalistic Mannerism. He died in Bologna in 1619
Dec 23 John Sigismund Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from the House of Hohenzollern. He also served as a Duke of Prussia
Dec 29 Antoine Arnauld (lawyer) a famous lawyer in the Parlement de Paris, and a Counsellor of State under Henry A skilled orator, his most famous speech was in 1594 in favor of the University of Paris and against the Jesuits, decrying their lack of support for Henry IV, newly converted from Protestantism to Catholicism. He wrote a number of political pamphlets which were widely distributed. The best known of his writings is entitled Le franc et véritable discours du Roi sur le rétablissement qui lui est demandé des Jésuites. He was married to Catherine Marion de Druy and had twenty children by her, ten of whom survived him