Born in 1621

Jan 6 Patriarch Joachim of Moscow the eleventh Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, an opponent of the Raskol , and a founder of the Slavic Greek Latin Academy.
Jan 27 Thomas Willis an English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry. He was a founding member of the Royal Society
Jan 30 George II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman, Prince of Transylvania , the eldest son of George I and Zsuzsanna Lorántffy.
Feb 2 Johannes Schefferus one of the most important Swedish humanists of his time. He was also known as Angelus and is remembered for writing hymns
Feb 21 Rebecca Nurse executed for witchcraft by the government of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England in 1692, during the Salem witch trials. She was the wife of Francis Nurse, with several children and grandchildren, and a well-respected member of the community. Although there was no credible evidence against her, she was hanged as a witch on July 19, 1692. This occurred during a time when the Massachusetts colony was seized with hysteria over witchcraft and the supposed presence of Satan within the colony. Her sisters Mary Eastey and Sarah Cloyce were also accused of witchcraft, with Mary found guilty and executed
Mar 24 John VI Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Mar 27 Margrave Charles Magnus of Baden-Durlach a titular Margrave of Baden.
Mar 28 Heinrich Schwemmer a German music teacher and composer.
Mar 31 Andrew Marvell an English metaphysical poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678. As a metaphysical poet, he is associated with John Donne and George Herbert. He was a colleague and friend of John Milton. His poems include "To His Coy Mistress", "The Garden", "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland", "The Mower's Song" and the country house poem "Upon Appleton House"
Apr 1 Guru Tegh Bahadur also known as Hind-di-Chaadar for protecting Hindus and Sikhs against forced conversion in the hands of Muslims under Aurangzeb, became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April 1664, a position earlier occupied by his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir
Apr 17 Thomas Vaughan (philosopher) a Welsh philosopher, now remembered for his writings in the area of natural magic.
Apr 17 Henry Vaughan a Welsh author, physician and metaphysical poet.
Apr 23 William Penn (Royal Navy officer) an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670. He was the father of William Penn, founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Apr 25 Roger Boyle 1st Earl of Orrery a soldier, dramatist and politician from the British Isles who sat in the House of Commons of England at various times between 1654 and 1679. Lord Broghill, as Boyle was then called, fought in the Irish Confederate Wars and subsequently became known for his antagonism towards Irish Catholics and their political aspirations. He was a noted playwright and writer on 17th century warfare
Jun 2 Isaac van Ostade a Dutch genre and landscape painter.
Jun 6 Petar Zrinski a Croatian Ban and writer. A member of the Zrinski noble family, he was noted for his role in the attempted Croatian-Hungarian rebellion of 1664-1670 which ultimately led to his execution for high treason
Jun 18 Allaert van Everdingen a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker in etching and mezzotint.
Jul 8 Leonora Christina Ulfeldt the daughter of King Christian IV of Denmark and wife of Steward of the Realm–cum–traitor Count Corfitz Ulfeldt. Renowned in Denmark since the 19th century for her posthumously published autobiography, Jammers Minde, written secretly during two decades of solitary confinement in a royal dungeon, her intimate version of the major events she witnessed in Europe's history, interwoven with ruminations on her woes as a political prisoner, still commands popular interest, scholarly respect, and has virtually become the stuff of legend as retold and enlivened in Danish literature and art
Jul 8 Jean de La Fontaine the most famous French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century. He is known above all for his Fables, which provided a model for subsequent fabulists across Europe and numerous alternative versions in France, and in French regional languages
Jul 22 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury also remembered as the patron of John Locke.
Aug 13 Israel Silvestre a prolific French draftsman, etcher and print dealer who specialized in topographical views and perspectives of famous buildings. Orphaned at an early age, he was taken in by his uncle in Paris, Israel Henriet, an etcher and print-seller, and friend of Jacques Callot. Between 1630 and 1650 Silvestre travelled widely in France, Spain and Italy, which he visited three times, and later worked up his sketches as etchings, which were sold singly and in series. His work, especially of Venetian subjects published in the 1660s, influenced eighteenth-century painters of vedute such as Luca Carlevaris and Canaletto, who adapted his compositions
Aug 16 Giles Corey accused of witchcraft along with his wife Martha Corey during the Salem Witch Trials. After being arrested for witchcraft, Corey refused to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty. He was subjected to pressing in an effort to force him to plea, but instead died after two days
Aug 19 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art
Sep 8 Louis Grand Condé a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. For his military prowess he was renowned as le Grand Condé
Sep 30 Susannah Martin a woman executed for witchcraft during the Salem witch trials.
Oct 24 Serafina of God the founder of seven Carmelite monasteries of nuns in southern Italy. The cause for her canonization has been formally accepted by the Holy See, which has declared her to have lived a life of heroic virtue
Dec 3 Bohuslav Balbín in large part responsible for the developed legend of Saint John of Nepomuk. Balbín graduated University of Olomouc
Dec 23 Heneage Finch 1st Earl of Nottingham descended from the old family of Finch, many of whose members had attained high legal eminence, and was the eldest son of Sir Heneage Finch, Recorder of London, by his first wife Frances Bell, daughter of Sir Edmond Bell of Beaupre Hall, Norfolk.
Dec 23 Edmund Berry Godfrey an English magistrate whose mysterious death caused anti-Catholic uproar in England. Contemporary documents also spell the name Edmundbury Godfrey