Born in 1622

Jan 1 Isaac Sweers a 17th-century Dutch admiral.
Jan 11 Louis Duke of Joyeuse a younger son of Charles, Duke of Guise and Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse.
Jan 15 Molière considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known works are Le Misanthrope , L'École des Femmes , Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur , L'Avare , Le Malade Imaginaire , and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme
Jan 28 Adrien Auzout a French astronomer.
Feb 7 Vittoria della Rovere Grand Duchess of Tuscany as the wife of Grand Duke Ferdinando She gave her husband four children, two of which would survive infancy; the future Cosimo III, Tuscany's longest reigning monarch and Francesco Maria, a prince of the Church. At the death of her grandfather Francesco Maria della Rovere she inherited the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro which reverted to her second son, Francesco Maria, at her death. She was later entrusted with the care of her three grandchildren. Her marriage brought in a wealth of treasures into the House of Medici which can today be seen in the Palazzo Pitti and the Uffizi Gallery in Florence
Feb 24 Johannes Clauberg a German theologian and philosopher. Clauberg was the founding Rector of the first University of Duisburg, where he taught from 1655 to 1665. He is known as a "scholastic cartesian"
Feb 27 Carel Fabritius Pietersz. Fabritius was a Dutch painter. He was a pupil of Rembrandt and worked in his studio in Amsterdam. Fabritius, who was a member of the Delft School, developed his own artistic style and experimented with perspective and lighting. Among his works are A View of Delft , The Goldfinch , and The Sentry
Mar 1 Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten a Dutch painter of marine art and landscapes, particularly of events of the First Anglo-Dutch War and Dutch-Swedish War.
Mar 10 Johann Rahn credited with the first use of the division symbol, ÷ and the therefore sign, ∴. He is known for his Teutsche algebra, the first time the Geteiltzeichen characters appear in print. The symbol is used in Teutsche Algebra, published in 1659. John Pell collaborated with Rahn in this book, which contains an example of the Pell equation, Pell-loading of the English translation of the book of Rahn. There is a controversy in Pell awards, rather than Rahn, authorship notations. Rahn was also, it seems, mayor of the city of Zurich in 1655
Apr 5 Vincenzo Viviani an Italian mathematician and scientist. He was a pupil of Torricelli and a disciple of Galileo
Apr 8 Lebrecht Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau. From 1665, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen
May 4 Juan de Valdés Leal a Spanish painter and etcher of the Baroque era.
May 8 Claes Rålamb a Swedish statesman. In 1660 he was appointed Governor of Uppland County and in 1664 he served in the Privy Council. Between 1673 and 1678, he served as the Over-Governor of Stockholm
May 22 Louis de Buade de Frontenac a French soldier, courtier, and Governor General of New France from 1672 to 1682 and from 1689 to his death in 1698. He established a number of forts on the Great Lakes and engaged in a series of battles against the English and the Iroquois
Jun 6 Claude-Jean Allouez a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
Jul 2 René-François de Sluse a Walloon mathematician and churchman, who served as the canon of Liège and abbot of Amay.
Jul 26 Christian Augustus Count Palatine of Sulzbach the Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1632 until 1708.
Sep 22 Jacques Savary a successful French merchant who became a widely recognised expert on questions regarding commerce. He was the author of Le parfait négociant , a manual on mercantile trade, which was translated into several languages
Sep 24 Georg Händel a barber-surgeon and the father of Georg Frideric Handel. As a young man he had to stop attending grammar school when his father Valentin died and had to give up his aspirations to become a lawyer. It is very unlikely he ever succeeded in finishing a medical study and without a degree he was not allowed to call himself a physician
Sep 27 Karel Dujardin a Dutch Golden Age painter. Although he did a few portraits and a few history paintings of religious subjects, most of his work is small Italianate landscape scenes with animals and peasants, and other genre scenes. Dujardin spent two extended periods, at the beginning and end of his career, in Italy, and most of his paintings and landscape etchings have an Italian or Italianate setting
Nov 8 Charles X Gustav of Sweden King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. After his father's death he also succeeded him as Pfalzgraf. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after the childless king Christopher of Bavaria and he was the first king of the Swedish Caroline era, which had its peak during the end of the reign of his son, Charles He led Sweden during the Second Northern War, enlarging the Swedish Empire. By his predecessor Christina, he was considered de facto Duke of Eyland before ascending to the Swedish throne
Dec 16 Cort Adeler the name of honour given to Kurt Sivertsen, a Norwegian seaman, who rendered distinguished service to the Danish and Dutch navies, and also to the Republic of Venice against the Turks.