Died in 1622

Jan 23 William Baffin an English navigator and explorer. Nothing is known of his early life, but it is conjectured that he was born in London of humble origin, and gradually raised himself by his diligence and perseverance. Britannica 11th Edition gives a year of birth as 1584, but this is simply a guess, without any documentary basis
Jan 25 Charles Philip Duke of Södermanland a Swedish prince, Duke of Södermanland, Närke and Värmland. Charles Philip was the second surviving son of King Charles IX of Sweden and his second spouse, Duchess Christina of Holstein-Gottorp
Feb 19 Frans Pourbus the Younger a Flemish painter, son of Frans Pourbus the Elder and grandson of Pieter Pourbus. He was born in Antwerp and died in Paris. He is also referred to as "Frans II"
Feb 19 Henry Savile (Bible translator) an English scholar, Warden of Merton College, Oxford, and Provost of Eton. He was a Member of the Parliament of England for Bossiney in 1589 and Dunwich in 1593
Mar 5 Ranuccio I Farnese Duke of Parma reigned as Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1592. A firm believer in absolute monarchy, Ranuccio, in 1594, centralised the administration of Parma and Piacenza, thus rescinding the nobles' hitherto vast prerogative. He is best remembered for the "Great Justice" of 1612, which saw the executions of a large number of Piacentine nobles suspected of plotting against him. Because one of the conspirators, Gianfrancesco Sanvitale, falsely implicated several Italian princes, namely Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena, in the plot, Vincenzo and Cesare's names appeared on the list of conspirators during formal court proceedings; as a result, Ranuccio's reputation among the rulers of Italy was irreparably damaged because it was evident that he gave credence to Gianfrancesco's obviously false confession. When, consequently, in the early 1620s, Ranuccio was looking for a bride for his younger legitimate son and heir, Odoardo, none of the Italian ruling families were forthcoming with princesses. He did, however, manage to engineer a match with Margherita de' Medici, daughter of Cosimo II of Tuscany
Mar 20 Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny Ukrainian political and civic leader, Hetman of Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossacks from 1616–1622, a brilliant military leader both on land and sea. While being a Cossack Hetman, he transformed the Cossack Host from the erratic military formation into regular army. Under his leadership the cossacks, the Orthodox clergy and peasants had been begun to emerge as the united nation. His troops played a significant role in the battle of Khotyn against the Turks in 1621 and prince Władysław's attempt to gain the Moscovy throne in 1618
Mar 20 Osman II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.
Apr 13 Katharina Kepler an alleged German witch from Stuttgart, Württemberg, and the mother of the famous astronomer Johannes Kepler.
Apr 15 Leandro Bassano an Italian artist from Bassano del Grappa, the younger brother of Francesco Bassano the Younger and third son of Jacopo Bassano, who took their name from their town of Bassano del Grappa. Leandro studied with his brother in their father's workshop, but took over the studio when Francesco opened a workshop in Venice. Leandro followed in the tradition of his father’s religious works, but also became well known as a portrait painter
Apr 17 Richard Hawkins a 17th-century English seaman, explorer and Elizabethan "Sea Dog", and the son of Admiral Sir John Hawkins.
Apr 24 Fidelis of Sigmaringen O.F.M. Cap. , was a Capuchin friar who was a major figure in the Counter-Reformation, and was murdered by his opponents at Seewis im Prättigau, now part of Switzerland. Fidelis was canonized in 1746
May 15 Petrus Plancius a Flemish astronomer, cartographer and clergyman. He was born as Pieter Platevoet in Dranouter, now in Heuvelland, West Flanders. He studied theology in Germany and England. At the age of 24 he became a minister in the Dutch Reformed Church
May 17 Leonello Spada an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active in Rome and his native city of Bologna, where he became known as one of the followers of Caravaggio.
May 25 Pedro Páez a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be the most effective Catholic missionary in Ethiopia. He is believed to be the first European to see and describe the source of the Blue Nile
Jun 4 Péter Révay a Hungarian nobleman, Royal Crown Guard for the Holy Crown of Hungary, poet, state official, soldier and historian. He was the grandson of Ferenc Révay
Jun 21 Salomon Schweigger a German Lutheran theologian, minister, anthropologist and orientalist of the 16th century. He provided a valuable insight during his travels in the Balkans, Constantinople and the Middle East, and published a famous travel book of his exploits. He also published the first German language translation of the Qur'an
Jun 27 Samuel Korecki Ruthenian duke, nobleman of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, famous adventurer and zagończyk. His coat of arms was Pogonia. His spent his life as a military men, fighting both private and state sponsored wars. He was a famous commander, carried a titular rank of colonel, brave and often reckless, seeking to uphold the old chivalry values of honour etc
Jul 1 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle an English peer, best known for his role in the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot. In 1605 Parker was due to attend the opening of Parliament. He was a member of the House of Lords as Lord Monteagle, the title on his mother's side. He received a letter: it appears that someone, presumably a fellow Catholic, was afraid he would be blown The so-called Monteagle letter survives in the National Archives , but its origin remains mysterious
Aug 7 Hasekura Tsunenaga a Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyo of Sendai.
Aug 21 Juan de Tassis 2nd Count of Villamediana a Spanish poet. In Spain he is simply known as Conde de Villamediana
Aug 30 Tsarevna Xenia Borisovna of Russia a Russian Tsarevna, daughter of Tsar Boris Godunov, and sister of Tsar Feodor II of Russia.
Sep 7 Denis Godefroy a French jurist, a member of the noted Godefroy family. He worked in France and Germany
Oct 9 John II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
Oct 28 Peter Petreius a Swedish diplomat, envoy to Muscovy and author of the History of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy that attempted to present a complete history of Russia from the foundation of Kievan Rus to the end of the Time of Troubles.
Nov 2 Johann Lohel the archbishop of Prague from September 18, 1612 until his death.
Dec 7 Sophie of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Electress of Saxony. From 1591 she was the regent of Saxony during the minority of her son Christian II
Dec 12 Bartolomeo Manfredi an Italian painter, a leading member of the Caravaggisti of the early 17th century.
Dec 13 Johannes Vodnianus Campanus a Czech humanist, composer, pedagogue, poet, and dramatist. He was born in Vodňany , in southern Bohemia. He studied at the University of Prague and in 1596 and was made Master of Liberal Arts there. He became a teacher in Prague and Kutná Hora. From 1603 he taught Greek and Latin at the University of Prague. He also taught history and Latin poetry. He was repeatedly appointed as dean, prorector, and rector of this university
Dec 26 Melchior Adam a German literature historian.
Dec 28 Francis de Sales C.O., O.M., O.F.M. Cap. was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God
Dec 31 Philipp Clüver an Early Modern German geographer and historian.