1623 in history

Top 7 most famous people born in 1623

Apr 11 Decio Azzolino an Italian Catholic Cardinal, code-breaker, investigator and leader of the Squadrone Volante.
Apr 30 François de Laval the first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, appointed when he was 36 years old by Pope Alexander VII.
May 26 William Petty an English economist, scientist and philosopher. He first became prominent serving Oliver Cromwell and Commonwealth in Ireland. He developed efficient methods to survey the land that was to be confiscated and given to Cromwell's soldiers. He also managed to remain prominent under King Charles II and King James II, as did many others who had served Cromwell
May 30 Wallerant Vaillant a painter of the Dutch Golden Age and one of the first artists to use the mezzotint technique, which he probably helped to develop.
Jun 19 Blaise Pascal a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method
Jul 4 William Byrd an English composer of the Renaissance. He wrote in many of the forms current in England at the time, including various types of sacred and secular polyphony, keyboard , and consort music. He produced sacred music for use in Anglican services, although he himself became a Roman Catholic in later life and wrote Catholic sacred music as well
Aug 5 Antonio Cesti also a singer , and organist. He was "the most celebrated Italian musician of his generation"

Top 7 most famous people died in 1623

Jan 15 Paolo Sarpi a Venetian historian, prelate, scientist, canon lawyer, and statesman active on behalf of the Venetian Republic during the period of its successful defiance of the papal interdict and its war with Austria over the Uskok pirates. His writings, frankly polemical and highly critical of the Catholic Church and its Scholastic tradition, "inspired both Hobbes and Gibbon in their own historical debunkings of priestcraft." Sarpi's major work, the History of the Council of Trent , was published in London in 1619; other works: a History of Ecclesiastical Benefices, History of the Interdict and his Supplement to the History of the Uskoks, appeared posthumously. Organized around single topics, they are early examples of the genre of the historical monograph
Jul 8 Pope Gregory XV Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
Jul 14 William Byrd an English composer of the Renaissance. He wrote in many of the forms current in England at the time, including various types of sacred and secular polyphony, keyboard , and consort music. He produced sacred music for use in Anglican services, although he himself became a Roman Catholic in later life and wrote Catholic sacred music as well
Aug 6 Anne Hathaway (Shakespeare's wife) the wife of William Shakespeare - English poet, playwright and actor. They were married in 1582, when she was 26 years old. She outlived her husband by seven years. Very little is known about her beyond a few references in legal documents, but her personality and relationship to Shakespeare have been the subject of much speculation by historians and creative writers
Nov 9 William Camden an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and officer of arms. He wrote the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland and the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England
Nov 12 Josaphat Kuntsevych a monk and archeparch of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, who was killed at Vitebsk, Vitebsk Voivodeship, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth , on 12 November 1623. He has been declared a martyr and saint of the Catholic Church
Nov 30 Thomas Weelkes an English composer and organist. He became organist of Winchester College in 1598, moving to Chichester Cathedral. His works are chiefly vocal, and include madrigals, anthems and services