Died in 1624

Feb 4 Vicente Espinel a Spanish writer and musician of the Siglo de Oro.
Feb 12 George Heriot a Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist. He is chiefly remembered today as founder of George Heriot's School, a large independent school in Edinburgh; his name has also been given to Heriot-Watt University, as well as several streets in the same city
Feb 13 Stephen Gosson an English satirist.
Feb 16 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke of Lennox a Scottish nobleman and politician. He was the son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, and his wife, Catherine de Balsac. Ludovic was involved in the Plantation of Ulster in Ireland and the colonization of Maine in New England. Richmond's Island and Cape Richmond, as well as Richmond, Maine , are named for him
Feb 17 Juan de Mariana a Spanish Jesuit priest, Scholastic, historian, and member of the Monarchomachs.
Feb 21 Dirck van Baburen a Dutch painter associated with the Utrecht Caravaggisti.
May 30 Mikołaj Daniłowicz a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and politician. He was Castellan of Lviv from 1614, Treasurer of the Crown Court from 1610, Grand Treasurer of the Crown from 1617, Speaker of the Sejm in 1593, amongst many other positions as governors of various states
Jul 22 García de Silva Figueroa a Spanish diplomat, and the first Western traveller to correctly identify the ruins of Takht-e Jamshid in Persia as the location of Persepolis, the ancient capital of the Achaemenid Empire and one of the great cities of antiquity.
Jul 30 Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke of Lennox the son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox. He was a patron of the playwright Ben Jonson, who lived in his household for five years
Jul 31 Henry II Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France
Aug 26 Fukushima Masanori a Japanese daimyo of the late Sengoku Period to early Edo Period who served as lord of the Hiroshima Domain. A retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he fought in the battle of Shizugatake in 1583, and soon became known as one of Seven Spears of Shizugatake which also included Katō Kiyomasa and others
Sep 13 Ketevan the Martyr a queen of Kakheti, a kingdom in eastern Georgia. She was killed at Shiraz, Iran, after prolonged tortures by the Safavid suzerains of Georgia for refusing to give up the Christian faith and convert to Islam
Sep 18 Pedro Osores de Ulloa Royal Governor of the Kingdom of Chile from November 1621 to September 1624. He replaced Cristóbal de la Cerda y Sotomayor. On his death bed Osores appointed his brother-in-law Francisco de Álava y Nureña as temporary governor of the Kingdom of Chile on September 1624. Was a knight of the Order of Alcántara
Sep 23 Willem Pieterszoon Buytewech a Dutch Golden Age painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is one of the early specialists in the merry company type of subject in Dutch genre painting. His contemporaries named him “Gheestige Willem”
Nov 10 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton the only son of Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of Southampton, and Mary Browne, daughter of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu. Shakespeare's two narrative poems, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece, were dedicated to Southampton, who is generally identified as the Fair Youth of Shakespeare's Sonnets
Nov 13 Thomas van Erpe born at Gorinchem, in Holland.
Nov 17 Jakob Böhme a German Christian mystic and theologian. He is considered an original thinker within the Lutheran tradition, and his first book, commonly known as Aurora, caused a great scandal. In contemporary English, his name may be spelled Jacob Boehme; in seventeenth-century England it was also spelled Behmen, approximating the contemporary English pronunciation of the German Böhme
Dec 5 Gaspard Bauhin a Swiss botanist whose Phytopinax described thousands of plants and classified them in a manner that draws comparisons to the later binomial nomenclature of Linnaeus. He was a disciple of the famous Italian physician Girolamo Mercuriale and he also worked on human anatomical nomenclature. Linnaeus honored the Bauhin brothers Gaspard and Jean in the genus name Bauhinia
Dec 6 Francesco Contarini the 95th Doge of Venice, reigning from September 8, 1623 until his death fourteen months later.
Dec 10 Ahmad Sirhindi an Indian Islamic scholar of Arab origin, a Hanafi jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order. He has been described as the Mujaddid Alf Thānī, meaning the "reviver of the second millennium", for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the heterodoxies prevalent in the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar. While early South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, notably by ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices
Dec 14 Charles Howard 1st Earl of Nottingham an English statesman and Lord High Admiral under Elizabeth I and James He was commander of the English forces during the battles against the Spanish Armada and was chiefly responsible for the victory that saved England from invasion by the Spanish Empire.
Dec 28 Charles of Austria Bishop of Wroclaw Prince-Bishop of Wrocław, Bishop of Brixen and Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights.